The Baroque Era
The Baroque Era brought monumental changes to instrumental music. During this time,
instrumental music became just as important as vocal music both in quality and quantity, as
many new developments occurred in the instrumental
THE ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
You are embarking on an adventure through musical time, and this journey will
be more pleasurable if you first become familiar with some basic musical concepts.
Keep in mind that most new experiences require some initial ad
DR SMITH Definitions
Elements of Music
Listening and Appraising Support
DR SMITH Definitions
Dynamics Volume in music e.g. Loud (Forte) &
Duration The length of notes, how many beats they last for.
Link this to the time s
music created by a professional for an elite audience.
Culturepeople sharing a unique identity through their beliefs, values, customs, and music.
Ethnocentrism judging another culture in relation to one's own.
one who studies m
the cultural traditions of North India
Raga (color/atmosphere) mode system of rules and procedures for composition and
improvisation in Indian classical music
cyclic rhythmic framework that organizes a raga performance
Drone continuous or
How many beats is a Quarter note? One beat
How many beats is a doted quarter note?
1 and a half
How many beats is a whole note?
How many beats is a Half note?
How many beats is a Doted half note?
2 and a half beats
What are enharmonic
I listen to music
eu ouo msica
sair para danar
listen to the radio
ouvir o radio
Circle of 5ths
Key of C Major
No sharps or flats
If your instrument is in the key of F,
the transposition is up a perfect 5th
(1 key to the right)
Music Publishing 101
Publishing can be lucrative for musicians who write their own songs. Such artists own the copyright in the lyrics
and music they write and publishing money (a.k.a. royalties) can be earned by the copyright owner of the songs.
Dans Music Theory 101 Cheat Sheet
All the basics you need to know about music theory on one sheet of paper
The Chromatic Wheel C
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the massive music zine
Intervals (in relation to
Timbre The sound of instruments and voices.
The number of voices or instruments in a piece.
MelodyThe sequential unfolding of pitch.
The simultaneous sounds that support melody.
The steady pulse in a song.
Form How a piece of music
Exploring classical music concert attendance: The effects of
concert venue and familiarity on audience experience
Department of Music, University of Sheffield, UK
In: M. M. Marin, M. Knoche, & R. Parncutt (
Student Background Questionnaire
In the next two sections, you will be asked questions about yourself and your
education. The choices for some questions will be written across the page as shown.
Fill in the oval for the best
Name of ensemble _
Please use the diagram below to show the placement of chairs, stands, and percussion.
You MAY draw your own seating chart on the reverse side of this paper.
String Family Instrument whose sound is produced by the vibration of strings
sound is pr
Bach His compositions were inspired by religion, Born in Eisenach, Germany, lived from 16851750, His music was serious and stable, Had 20 children, was rediscovered in 1829 by Felix
Mendelssohn because of St.Matthew's passion
Handel German, known for oper
melodya succession of single pitches or tones perceived as a meaningful unity.
an added melody sounding against another melody
simultaneous use of different rhythmic patterns
scale a collection of pitches arranged in ascending or
Passage of time in music
Articulating beats more firmly and louder
strong or weak beats for musicians and dancers to follow
a pulse underlying music
Wind instruments made of metal and produce sound by buzzing the lips in a mouthpi
melodythe "tune": a series of notes played 1 at a time (the part of the song you can sing)
range highest note to lowest note (stepwise: no spaces, leaps: spaces)
phrase a complete musical thought
tempo the speed
leaps notes that are spread out
music an art, based on the organization of sounds in time. It's four elements are pitch,
dynamics, timbre (tone color), and duration.
The relative highness or lowness of sound.
intervalThe difference in pitch between any two tones.
12 tone technique (serialism) the compositional technique of using all 12 pitches of the
chromatic scale to create both melody and harmony within the structure of a piece. The "Row"
or group of 12 pitches never repeats a pitch until all 12 have been used.
What is Music?
The combination of notes simultaneously.
MelodyThe combination of notes in succession.
Refers to the interrelationship between music and time.
Timbre The tone quality of sound.
The way the various mus
Classical. Easy Listening. Jazz. Pop. Country. Hip-Hop. These music styles all have
different sounds, but they have one thing in common. They all are made with a combination of notes laid out on a page of
MUS 107 MUSIC APPRECIATION
Final Exam Study Guide
The listening will be based on only these 10 works:
Josquin: Ave Maria Virgo Serena (text p. 81; CD 1, 56 )
Weelkes: As Vesta Was Descending (text p. 86; CD 1, 62 )
J. S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 (