The Baroque Era
The Baroque Era brought monumental changes to instrumental music. During this time,
instrumental music became just as important as vocal music both in quality and quantity, as
many new developments occurred in the instrumental
Music Publishing 101
Publishing can be lucrative for musicians who write their own songs. Such artists own the copyright in the lyrics
and music they write and publishing money (a.k.a. royalties) can be earned by the copyright owner of the songs.
Dans Music Theory 101 Cheat Sheet
All the basics you need to know about music theory on one sheet of paper
The Chromatic Wheel C
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Intervals (in relation to
Timbre The sound of instruments and voices.
The number of voices or instruments in a piece.
MelodyThe sequential unfolding of pitch.
The simultaneous sounds that support melody.
The steady pulse in a song.
Form How a piece of music
Exploring classical music concert attendance: The effects of
concert venue and familiarity on audience experience
Department of Music, University of Sheffield, UK
In: M. M. Marin, M. Knoche, & R. Parncutt (
Student Background Questionnaire
In the next two sections, you will be asked questions about yourself and your
education. The choices for some questions will be written across the page as shown.
Fill in the oval for the best
Name of ensemble _
Please use the diagram below to show the placement of chairs, stands, and percussion.
You MAY draw your own seating chart on the reverse side of this paper.
Circle of 5ths
Key of C Major
No sharps or flats
If your instrument is in the key of F,
the transposition is up a perfect 5th
(1 key to the right)
THE ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
You are embarking on an adventure through musical time, and this journey will
be more pleasurable if you first become familiar with some basic musical concepts.
Keep in mind that most new experiences require some initial ad
DR SMITH Definitions
Elements of Music
Listening and Appraising Support
DR SMITH Definitions
Dynamics Volume in music e.g. Loud (Forte) &
Duration The length of notes, how many beats they last for.
Link this to the time s
music created by a professional for an elite audience.
Culturepeople sharing a unique identity through their beliefs, values, customs, and music.
Ethnocentrism judging another culture in relation to one's own.
one who studies m
the cultural traditions of North India
Raga (color/atmosphere) mode system of rules and procedures for composition and
improvisation in Indian classical music
cyclic rhythmic framework that organizes a raga performance
Drone continuous or
How many beats is a Quarter note? One beat
How many beats is a doted quarter note?
1 and a half
How many beats is a whole note?
How many beats is a Half note?
How many beats is a Doted half note?
2 and a half beats
What are enharmonic
I listen to music
eu ouo msica
sair para danar
listen to the radio
ouvir o radio
String Family Instrument whose sound is produced by the vibration of strings
sound is pr
Bach His compositions were inspired by religion, Born in Eisenach, Germany, lived from 16851750, His music was serious and stable, Had 20 children, was rediscovered in 1829 by Felix
Mendelssohn because of St.Matthew's passion
Handel German, known for oper
Dates of the Romantic Era.
Fostered rise of a middle class (bourgeois) society.
Industrial Revolution Technical advances in instruments, made them more flexible and
music conservatories Appeared across Europe and th
a sound with definite pitch
length of time a note or rest lasts
relative highness or lowness in frequency
Timbre quality of sound that distinguishes one voice from another
1 weak 1 strong beats
2 weak 1 strong
A tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency. What we actually
A sound that has a definite pitch.
(loudness or amplitude) Degrees of loudness or softness in music.
the order or design of a composition
a short, recurring melodic or rythmic idea that provides unity into a composition;
these are often only a few notes in length and can be melodic, harmonic, or rhythmic patterns
theme a melody on which a co
timbre Tone color.
Generates vibrations and transmits them into the air.
Wind instruments. Use air.
chordophones String instruments. Sound comes from a string vibrating.
Bells and cymbals. Produce sound from the substance
Timbre the distinctive tonal properties of a sound
Mezzo piano Medium soft
Mute Device that can change the timbre of an instrument when it is inserted in or applied to
the instrument; instruments that most frequently use mutes are those of the brass and s
When different ideas come together to create a new idea.
Playing notes in between the main beat.
12 bar blues progression
Made up of 3 4 bar phrases
The harmony is in major and the melody borrows notes from the minor sca
Accent putting stress on a note
Adagio slow; liesurely
Allegro a faster tempo than allegretto
broken chord where the notes are played one at a time
the basic unit of musical time