First impressions can be rather powerful, though they are not always accurate. Reflect on a time
your first impression of a person, place or situation proved to be relatively accurate and one
where it proved to be inaccurate. For example, you might reflec
1. Identify one of the skills listed that you see as one of your major strengths in the area of
interpersonal communication. Provide one specific example where displayed this strength.
My major strengths in interpersonal communication Has to be the empath
1. Review the information on self-fulfilling prophecies in ch. 3.
In the text a self fulfilling prophecy is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself
to become true, by the very terms of the prophecy itself, due to positive feedback
Haley Jennings has many plans on what she wants to do with her life. Her time is filled up with
school, work, and doing the things that interest her most. Today, I will tell you about Haleys
background, her hobbies, and w
1. In a news article from August 2011, Mark Floyd interviewed Patrick Cheeke, a
professor of animal sciences at Oregon State University. After conducting a survey at
the American Society of Animal Sciences national convention he stated, Ther
1. Have you ever volunteered before? If so, how many hours(approx.) have you
a. Yes Hours-_
2. What is a topic you feel passionately about?
3. On a scale from one to ten how likely are you to go out and volunteer as
Specific Purpose: The class will see how important it is to love their family and friends
and how much I strive for that now.
I think its safe to say that everybody has somebody in their life that they look up to,
admire, or strive to be. Th
At the end of my speech, the audience will understand the basics of ukulele and how
simple it is to learn.
Have you ever wanted, or attempted, to learn a
Specific Purpose: At the end of my speech, the audience will have a deeper understanding of
volunteering and why it is important to volunteer.
In a book by Ken Ferrara
Specific Purpose: By the end of my speech the audience will have a greater
understanding of vegetarianism
This doesnt appeal to a lot of people and many people think
Some people choose to live their life looking for anything wrong, judging everything, and
overall having a negative outlook on life. Cynical people bother me because there are
so many things to find joy in and life is so much better w
Researching Your Speech
Evidence gives credence to your arguments. When putting forth a claim, you can expect your
audience to be wondering, "What evidence do you have to support that assertion?"
There are four, generally accepted basic for
Narrative: Elements of a Story
We live in a culture that tells stories. Jack&theBeanstalk,The3LittlePigs,LittleRedRidingHood,Noah&the
Narrative: Tell Me A Story
We live in a society that tells stories. You tell them everyday. Think of how you answer questions posed by family,
friends, bosses, coworkers, etc. What did you do today? How did the meeting go? When did all of that happen?
Hearing : to perceive or
apprehend by the ear
Listening : to hear something with
thoughtful attention : give consideration
Even according to Webster's Dictionary (2006) as in the definitions above, there is a fundamental
Reasoning and Pseudo reasoning
To persuade an audience you must use logic, credibility, and other elements to make your case.
You should also consider the employ of reasoning. There are various types of reasoning,
although only a few common reasoning sche
Audio / Visuals
Remember the BIG question around visual aids. Does it make a complex idea easier to understand? If so, it's a
good visual aid. If not, it's fluff! (-President Ronald Reagan-)
In a study at Metropolitan State College of Denver (2002, Borden
Expertise: Yours and Others
You want the audience to perceive you as an expert on whatever subject you are discussing.
Experience, knowledge, and integrity are keys to developing your expertise. According to
DeVito (2005), competence refers to knowledge a
A straightforward definition of ethics can be found in any dictionary, such as the Webster's (2006) definition here:
2 a : a set of moral principles : a theory or system of moral values <as rightness>
But there is a lot more to ethics than this def
Developing Your Thesis
Sometimes called a purpose (statement), the thesis is your central idea for the speech. Generally this is a onesentence assertive statement. Communication experts Beebe and Beebe recommend that your thesis meet these
Basic Speech Organization: Introductions
The traditional paradigm for effective public speaking is: " Tell 'em what you're going to tell, 'em ; tell 'em ; and then
tell 'em what you told 'em ."
At the heart of this class, you will use this strategy as you
Please read the following story from Steven Eggleston: http:/www.the-eggman.com/writings/fearspk1.html
Have you felt like Steven before? Have you experienced real fear when it comes to presenting a message in public?
YOU ARE NOT
As we read in the Introductions Lecture, communication scholars have debated for years about the power of
Primacy versus the power of Recency. Primacy suggests that an audience will most easily remember what they
were presented with first. Rec
Persuasive Methods and Organization
At the heart of persuasion is change. Whether being persuaded to act differently, think
differently, believe differently, or change an attitude or value, the speaker is attempting to help
an audience change. Even reinfo
Clarify Your Goal
When asked to present, there are really only three significant / major purposes to consider:
Talking to inform or demonstrate
Presenting to persuade or debate
Speaking to entertain or commemorate
Many communication s
One of the biggest flaws made by speakers today is the lack of attention given to the people who will be seeing and
listening to the actual presentation. Who makes up your audience? Is it a captive audience? Are they old, young, or
Basic Speech Organization Skills
Speech Construction Methods
How should a speaker assemble his/her speech? In what ways can a speech architect design their comments, points,
or arguments? First, you should consider a pattern for your speech. There are sev
Why create an outline?
Outlines aid in the process of speaking
Outlines help you organize your ideas
Outlines present your material in a logical form
Outlines show the relationships among ideas
Outlines construct an ordered overview
At the heart of the matter, credibility for the speaker is simply asking the question, Why should the audience
believe me? As long as the answer is more than, Wellbecause! the speaker should do well. Let's look at how
to be credible.
Persuasive speaking is an exercise in motivation and rhetoric, not just logic. It involves all of the
rhetorical canons we have already discussed: Logos, Ethos, Pathos, and Mythos. Speakers have
to bring together various fact