The height of Greek sculpture. Much more variation and variety than in any
* The Dying Gaul (Trumpeter), marble, 36 (220 BCE)
Roman copy of Hellenistic original from Pergamon.
Mosaics invented in Northern Greece. Closely related to wall paintings in color
and display area. Public art forms, though mosaics usually on floors instead of in
Often on dining room floors: most public area o
Vergina and Pella
Macedonians impact military, political history of Greece and estern territories.
Advent of kingship with Philip and Alexander.
Vergina and Pella important sites that reveal influence of Macedonian kingship i
Late Classical Sculpture (400-323 BCE)
* Eirene and Ploutos by Kephisodotos, marble, 66 (370 BCE)
Roman copy of bronze Greek original.
Personifications of peace and wealth. 374 BCE = Cult of Peace established in
Hephaisteion at Agora (450-415 BCE)\
Doric temple on kolonos agoraios (market hill). Could be considered inside or
outside Agora: possible religious and secular functions.
Best preserved 5th century temple.
Temple of Hephais
Temple of Athena Nike (420s BCE)
Could be considered the most important building.
Separated from the rest of the Acropolis and visible from ground level.
Nike is the personification of victory, a winged figure. Symbolizes At
Sits on massive limestone rock and dominates skyline. Religious center of
Lots of towns had an acropolis (high city). Naturally fortified and hard to
Periklean building program: Perikles authorized a
Low relief sculpture accented with paint to give more depth and detail.
Goal of achieving realism in a shallow field. Movement towards higher relief;
gradual detaching of figures from background.
Early Classical Architecture (480-450 BCE)
* Stoa Poikile (Painted Stoa) at the Agora (450 BCE)
Stoas are porticos: long, covered porches where crowds can assemble yearround. Stoas enclose space of Agora to lend sense of enclo
Red Figure Vase Painting
Technique that revolutionized Greek art. Impacted sculptor and minor arts.
Invented Athens 530 BCE, remained primarily Athenian art form. (Black Figure
invented in Corinth and was spread around Greece
Greek Art & Archaeology
Romans were the first collectors of ancient sculpture and copied many works.
Study of sculpture evolved in European art schools. Grand Tour where 18thcentury male aristocrats would travel to It