Development of American Music, continued
- Jeanette Thurber: wealthy, well-educated woman who was interested in music,
founded American Opera Company and National Conservatory in 1885.
- American Opera Company performed Europea
American National Music
- America is much younger than Europe and a melting pot of many different
traditions: no single clear identity like Europe.
- America is eager to catch up with Europe in the 1800s.
- It has established i
- Post-WWII musicians saw big band sound as too slick and expensive.
- New rock n roll in response to African American rhythm and blues.
Preceded by development of bebop within jazz, which forecasted
collapse of big
Blues (Early 1900s)
- Special category of black folk music that contributed to development of Jazz.
- Blues provided sonorous model for jazz: vocal quality of jazz instruments
(trumpet, sax, trombone) suggests jazz absorbe
- Reaction against Romantic music: no more rubato, lots more mechanical music
- Emphasis on formulaic qualities of music.
- Debussy = Impressionist and symbolist composer. Suggestion of pla
- Extremely influential, like Beethoven. Lots of theories on music, life,
- Hated artificiality of opera (especially arias); developed music drama /
gesamtkunstwerk (total work of art)
- bridge between Classical and Romantic; ushered in Romantic period.
- Early music sounds more Classical (studied with Haydn), later music sounds
more Romantic. Set the stage and initiated the change.
Concert Hall Music
- Musical introduction, often to opera, musical, or ballet.
- Originally, overtures quoted arias (song for solo voice with
accompaniment), not recitative (sung speech / plot development).
- Music divided into sections => phrases => measures/bars (beat).
- Phonograph invented 1888 => first time music could be recorded, replayed,
- Music typically heard in the home until concert hall was