The French and Indian War
o England and France compete in North America
o French and English Collide
The French and Indian War, the colonial part of the Seven Years War
that ravaged Europe from 1756 to 1763, was the bloodiest American war
in the 1700s.
The Upsurge of Nationalism
o Monroe & The Era of Good Feelings (1817-1825)
o The Election of 1816
o The Era of Good Feelings
Continued the so-called Virginia dynasty
Chose government officials from all areas of the nation and from both
EXPERIENCE OF EMPIRE: EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY AMERICA
o Growth and Diversity
1700-1750-colonial population rises from 250,000 to over two million
Much growth through natural increase
Large influx of non-English Europeans
Distribution of European and Afric
o From 1776 to 1787, the United States was governed by a group of men called
the Confederation Congress.
These men accomplished five important things:
Governed the nation during the war
Negotiated the Treaty of Paris
Differences between the North and South Notes
North - Climate and Geography
Warm, humid summers and cold snowy winters
Short growing season plus cold made farming difficult.
Clear, fast rivers
Coastline full of bays.
Cities develop near rivers and
The Antislavery Movement
o Religion and Revolution
B. Lay & J. Woolman
Rhetoric of independence
o Gradual Emancipation
American Colonization Society, 1817
American Revolution April 19, 1775-September 3, 1783
o Causes of the American Revolution
o Proclamation of 1763
In 1763, Parliament issued the Proclamation of 1763, which ordered
colonists not to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
The British go
The Motives for British Colonization
o Religious Freedom, Economic Opportunity
o The Protestant Reformation
HENRY VIII (1491-1547) initiated the Protestant Reformation in England
for dynastic, rather than religious, reasons. As a young man, he had been
The Presidency of Andrew Jackson
o Andrew Jackson and the Common Man?
o Indian Removal
o The Real Andrew Jackson
Born in 1767 in South Carolina, self-made lawyer, legislator and slave
National hero at the Battle of New Orleans
The Dutch and French Colonies in the New World
o U.S. History I
o Philip II & the Netherlands Revolt
Calvinist uprising in Aug. 1566 ruthlessly put down by Duke of Alva by
17 provinces unite under Prince William the Silent of Orange in 1576
The 2nd Great Awakening
(1790s- Early 1800s)
o Charles Finney
Charles Finney conducted his own revivals in the mid 1820s and early
He rejected the Calvinist doctrine of predestination
adopted ideas of free will and salvation to all
Unit One: Pre-Columbian America
The American Natives:
30,000B.C. to 1400 A.D.
Geography of North America
The continent of North America has a diverse geography.
The two main mountain chains are the Appalachian mountains (East) and
the Rocky mountain
o Capture and the Middle Passage
After capture, Africans were packed tightly into slave ships.
The death rate of the passengers was 50%.
o The Middle Passage
Destination, Auction, and Seasoning
Most Africans landed in Brazil with the least nu
Political Parties & the Party System
o Political Party
Organized group that nominates candidates and contests elections to
influence the personnel and policies of government.
Seven Functions of Parties
Integrating citizens into the political system
The South is destroyed
The Civil War ended April 9, 1865.
Most of the land in the South was destroyed by the Civil War. The South would
need to be rebuilt.
This rebuilding of the South was called Reconstruction.
o America establishes its boundaries
o Big Ideas
Between 1801 and 1861, exploration was encouraged as America
underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement.
Westward migration was influenced by geography and economic
The Civil War(War Between the States)1861-1865
The War Between States
The war lasted from 1861 to 1865
The war started and ended at Wilmer McLeans house
Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney in 1793
Preserving the Union
The War of 1812
o Causes of the War
Britain and France were fighting a war in Europe
Britain began capturing American sailors and impressing them,
or forcing them to work on British ships
By 1807, Britain had seized more than 1,000 Americ
The Jefferson Era (1800-1816)
o The Republicans Take Power
o Essential Question
In what ways did Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans limit the powers
of the government?
o The Election of 1800
The Federalists and Republicans fought a bitter election ca