Review for AP Biology First semester Exam
Structure and function of enzymes
There are three different structures for enzymes. The primary structure is a unique
sequence of amino acids that forms a polypeptide unique to a protein. The second
Review for Chapters 15-16
1. Explain sex-linked traits, and know how to solve sex-linked problems.
Sex-linked traits are more common in males than in females because they only need on
recessive trait in order to have the trait; females need the two recess
Review Chapters 13-14
1. Define genome, locus, and karyotype.
Genome- The genetic material of an organism or a virus; the complete complement of an
organisms or viruss genes along with non-coding nucleic acid sequence.
Locus- A specific place along the le
Review Chapter 17-18
State Beadles and Tatums hypothesis.
Their hypothesis was one gene-one enzyme.
Compare and contrast gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
Because prokaryotes lack a nuclear envelope their DNA is not se
Chapter 20 Guided Reading Assignment
1. Define the following
a. Recombinant DNA
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sources.
b. Genetic engineering
It is the direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes.
Chapter 19 Guided Reading Assignment
1) How and what did Dr. Mayer discover specifically in 1883?
He discovered that he could transmit the disease from pant to plant by rubbing
sap extracted from diseased leaves onto healthy plants. This
Chapter 17 Guided Reading Assignment
1. What did Garrod mean by inborn errors of metabolism?
Garrod was the first to suggest that genes dictate phenotypes through
enzymes that catalyze specific chemical reactions in the cell. Garrod
Chapter 16 Guided Reading Assignment
1. Explain Griffiths experiment and the concept of transformation in detail.
While Griffith was studying two strains of bacterium, streptococcus pneumonia,
he discovered the bacteria of smooth strain c
Chapter 15 Guided Reading Assignment
1. What is the chromosomal basis of inheritance? The chromosome Theory of
Inheritance. Mendelian genetics have specific loci along chromosomes, and it is
the chromosomes that undergo segregation and in
Chapter 14 Guided Reading Assignment
1. Who were the two strong influences on Mendels education? Franz Unger
aroused Mendels interested in the variation of plants and Christopher Doppler
trained Mendel to use math to learn about natural