Abortion Is Child Murder
With the evolving moral standards of society, abortions are becoming more and more
justified. Abortions, the practice of removing a fertilized egg from a mother, has become a
controversial issue in American society. Considering Am
Similarities between the three great classical civilizations
Relied primarily on an agricultural economy
Greek and Roman interest in non spiritual religions is similar to Confucianism
All civilizations had religion
Islam major world religion having its origins in 610 CE in the Arabian peninsula; meaning literally
submission; based on prophecy of Muhammad
Muhammad Prophet of Islam; born 570 CE to Banu Hashim clan of Quraysh tribe in Mecca; raised by
8 reasons for the decline of the Han Dynasty
Confucian intellectual activity gradually became less creative
Central government's control diminished
Bureaucrats became more corrupt
Local landlords started to rule their neighborhoods according to
Slash and burn agriculture is a system of cultivation typical of shifting cultivators;
forest floors cleared by fire are then planted.
Farming generated communities for many reasons. Some of them including
Infant mortality rate was lowered and natu
Zhou system of ruling did not establish a powerful government, ruling instead through
alliances with regional princes and noble families.
How Zhou promoted cultural unity they discouraged some of the primitive religious
practices of the Hwang-He civ
Brahma is the holy essence in Hinduism that informs all life, formed part of everything
in this world. Every living creature participates in this divine principle. The spirit of
Brahma enters several gods or forms of gods, including Vishnu, the pres
Why is little know about the Indus River civilization, little is known because IndoEuropeans invaded and it resulted in complete destruction of the culture and its nature.
How barbarians could become civilized in china the barbarians would have to l
Distinctive human features that led to achievements Paleolithic Age achievements
and discoveries Small size of hunter-gatherer groups
Opposable thumb, higher sex drive, omnivores, human brain.
Mesolithic Age achievements
Ability to fashion stone to
Reasons for Greek city-states
A unified government would have been hard to establish
Trade developed rapidly under city-state sponsorship
Phoenician alphabet influenced the Grecian language
Why Greece was conquered
Political decline set in
Importance of the monsoons crucial for farming, sometimes they come too early or too
late with or without enough water, and this can cause famine, drought, and catastrophic
floods. If everything goes well the monsoons are helpful and can feed the po
Confucian virtues the Confucian list of virtue stressed respect for ones social superiors,
including fathers and husbands as leaders of the family.
Proper behavior for leaders rulers should be humble and sincere, rulers should not be
greedy, also st
Vivaldis Two Genoese brothers who attempted to find a Western route to the "Indies";
disappeared in 1291; precursors of thrust into southern Atlantic.
Technological problems for European sailors
Inadequate navigational instruments. Prevented far e
Fall of the Islamic caliphate
By 1300 religious leaders of the Islamic World gained the upper hand over poets,
philosophers, and scientists, new piety was associated with the Sufi movement,
divergence from Arabic, Destruction of Philosophy, change
Why many Chinese hated the Yuan Dynasty
New social structure was established in China, with the Mongols on top and their
central Asian nomadic and muslim allies right below them, these two groups
controlled the highest levels of the bureaucracy, e
How the Mongols treated the people of the cities they conquered
They ransacked the towns, slaughtering most of the people except for the artisans with
particularly useful skills and scholars. Towns that surrendered to the Mongols were
Khanate Four regional Mongol kingdoms that arose following the death of Chinggis
Kubilai Khan Grandson of Chinggis Khan; commander of the Mongol forces
responsible for the conquest of China; became khagan in 1260; established Sinicized
Why Chinese influence declined in Japan
Shogun Military leaders of the bakufu.
Daimyos Warlord rulers of 300 small states following Onin War and disruption of
Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded ministates.
Taika Reforms Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style
emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript
Chinese influences on Japan
The Japanese aristocracy struggled to master Conf
276 - 286
Importance of the Grand Canal
It linked the original centers of Chinese civilization with the Yangtze. Trade was more
accessible this way. Allowed transport of food to the north. Opened up the south to
migration and commercial development. Impro
How the Vietnamese did NOT follow Chinese culture
They had a fear of losing their own identity and becoming part of the expanding
Fierce determination to resist Chinese dominance.
They traded different products.
Skip document on 269.
Mahayana Buddhism Chinese version of Buddhism; placed considerable emphasis on
Buddha as god or savior.
Chinese governments support for Buddhism
Buddhism in upper and lower classes (elite and mass levels)
Buddhism helped duri
Wendi Member of prominent northern Chinese family during period of Six Dynasties;
proclaimed himself emperor; supported by nomadic peoples of northern China;
established Sui dynasty.
Yangdi Penultimate emperor (604618) of the Sui dynasty (581618).
Create a PERSIAN chart for the Incan society.
Split inheritance Inca practice of descent; all titles and political power went to
successor, but wealth and land remained in hands of male descendants for support of
cult of dead Inca's mummy.
Jobs of the calpulli
7 clans that later adapted to their imperial position, kinship and residential groupings
which included neighbors allies and dependents, distrubuted land to head of
household, organized military and labor gangs, maintianed tem
Importance of banking
Banking facilitated the exchange of money and goods over long distances which
allowed trade to expand as well as the use of currency.
Hanseatic League Commercial alliances developed. Cities in northern Germany and
The problems with using the word Indian
Columbus made the mistake of calling the natives Indians because he thought that he
and made it to India. It also gave them the impression that all of the people in the
Americas were Indians.
The dominant intellectual theme in the postclassical West
Combining rational philosophy and Christian faith was the dominant intellectual
theme in the postclassical west.
Thomas Aquinas was an Italian monk who taught at the University of Paris. Aq
Fewer Viking raids
In the 10th-century Viking raids begin to taper off, and partly because regional
governments became stronger, and partly because the Vikings, now Christianized
begin to settle down.
Education in EuropeBy the ninth and 10th centu