1. The climate is driven by solar power and determines what the biodiversity in any terrestrial
system will be. Nutrients are cycles throughout these systems and the rate of the cycling is
generally determined by the climate.
2. Weather is a region
1. Since the 1960s, China has done the most to reduce its population growth. Its large population
was growing so rapidly that there was a serious threat of massive starvation. To avoid this,
government officials decided to establish the world's mos
Sea otters prey on the sea urchins, which helps the kelp forests. The sea otters keep the
population of sea urchins down, which allows the kelp forests to grow, & helps keeps
kelp forests from being destroyed. we need kelp forests becau
Reduce earth's vital biodiversity by destroying the habitats, which will lead to early
extinction. Accelerating the atmospheric warming, causing the climate to change and get
increasing warmer. Change in regional weather patterns, be
A control experiment is a test where the person conducting the test only changes one
variable at a time in order to isolate the results. An experiment where all subjects
involved in the experiment are treated exactly the same except for one deviati
As environmental conditions change, the balance between the new species and the extinction of existing
species determines the earths biodiversity. Sharks need to be protected because each species plays a
specific ecological role.
Review and Critical Thinking Questions:
1. Sustainability is able to be maintained at a certain rate or level. It is the capacity of the
earths natural systems and human cultural systems to survive, flourish, and adapt to
changing conditions. There are th
a. Polar Bears demonstrate how HABITAT LOSS/degradation/fragmentation is the biggest
threat to wild species: because the atmosphere above the Arctic has been getting warmer
during the past several decades, the floating sea ice that is a vital pa
AP Environmental Ch. 8 Review & Critical Thinking Questions
1) Coral reefs are known as the oldest, most diverse, and most productive ecosystem.
They are created by polyps that have a limestone crust that leave behind the
foundation for a
1. Made to plant and protect millions of trees to combat deforestation.
a. Two major types based on age and structure: old-growth( an uncut or
regenerated forest that has not been seriously disturbed by human activities or
natural disasters for
Sustainability is the capacity of the earths natural systems and human cultural systems to
survive, flourish, and adapt to changing environmental condiments into the very long-term
Concept 1-1A: Nature has sustained itself for billions o
Chapter 11 Study Guide
Core Case Study:
Cetaceans are an order of mostly marine mammals ranging in size from 0.9 meter porpoise to
the giant 15 to 30 meter blue whales.
They are divided into toothed whales and baleen whales.
Toothed whales, such as the
Chapter 10 Study Guide
Core Case Study: GREEN BELT MOVEMENT
Mid-1970s, tree-lined streams had dried up, farms and plantations had displaced vast areas of
forest and were draining the watersheds and degrading the soil, clean drinking water, firewood
Chapter 7 Study Guide
Core Case Study: Different Climates Support Different Life Forms
Why is one area of the earths land surface a desert, another a grassland, and another a forest?
The answers lie largely in difference in climate, the average atmospheri
Chapter 9 Study Guide
Core Case Study: POLAR BEARS
60% of them are located in Canada
They hunts for seals on floating ice and live off of fat during summer and fall
Their hunting seasons are decreasing forcing them t fast longer and weaken
Concept 8-1A: Saltwater and freshwater aquatic life zones cover almost three-fourths of
the earths surface, with oceans dominating the planet.
Concept 8-1B: The key factors determining biodiversity in aquatic systems are temperature, dissolved o
Concept 6-1: We do not know how long we can continue increasing the earths carrying
capacity for humans without seriously degrading the life-support system that keeps us
and many other species alive.
Three major factors account for this populati
Concept 4-1: The biodiversity found in genes, species, ecosystems, and ecosystem
processes is vital to sustaining life on earth.
Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the variety of the earths species, or varying life forms, the
Concept 5-1: Five types of species interactions-competition, predation, parasitism,
mutualism, and commensalism-affect the resource use and population sizes of the
species in an ecosystem.
Interspecific competition occurs when members of two or
Bombardier Beetles is an insect that is found in every continent they tend to reside in
grasslands or woodlands they also tend to be moist humid areas. The Bombardiers
body is mostly reddish while i
ESSAY RESPONSE:The epidermis is the outer layer of the skin that it's specialized cells act as a physical
and biological barrier to protect you from pollen and dust. Melanocytes are a specialized cell that
produces skin darkening pigments
List four sensations detected by the tactile receptors in the skin
Get a volunteer to touch each of these locations on your body using the same pressure. Close
your eyes and rank how sensitive each area
3. Motor End Plate
4. Calcium Channel
1. The signal transmission across myoneural junction that allows the nervous system to
move the muscles of a football player during a game is when both chemical and
Endocrine System is the collection of glands of an organism that secrete hormones right into the
circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs.
Analogy: The Endocrine system is similar to sening a text message to someone.
Assessment 1.03 Tissues
1. Explain how cells specialize to form specific tissue and organs.
Cells are able to specialize and form particular tissues and organs. Stem cells, are a type of cell
that with any genuine treatment can grow into any body cell. Wi
The importance of evolution to the study of biology was stated best
by Theodosius Dobszhansky, who said, "Nothing in biology makes
any sense except in the light of evolution." While most of biology
attempts to describe what the natural world is like, evol
However, about 200 years ago, evidence began to surface that cast
doubt on creationism. As we will discuss in Evidence of evolution,
fossilized remains of plants and animals, observation of natural
population, and other lines of evidence suggested that sp
There are different types of cells with individuated structures. Single-
celled organisms have different cell structure than multi-celled
organisms and plant cells have different structures from animal cells.
These differences reflect differences in the f
In animal cells, the mitochondria produces the majority of the cells
energy from food. It does not have the same function in plant cells.
Plant cells use sunlight as their energy source; the sunlight must be
converted into energy inside the c