December 9th, 2014
Radish Seed Germination & pH
Which vinegar concentration will make radish seeds germinate faster?
Hypothesis: Radish seeds will germinate faster in a vinegar concentration of 2%
Organisms that are categorized as being a part of the plant kingdom are all multicellular, eukaryotic and are autotrophic.
Copao de iquique
G.1.5 Explain what is meant by the niche
including an organisms spatial
feeding activities, and its
G.1.7 Explain the principle of competitive
5.1.9 State that light is the initial energy
source for almost all communities.
5.1.3 Distinguish between producers,
consumers, detritivores, and saprotrophs.
5.1.4 Describe what is meant by a food chain,
giving three examples
Transport in Angiosperms
9.2.1 Outline how the root system provides a
surface area for mineral ion and water
uptake by means of branching and root hairs.
9.2.2 List ways in which mineral ions in the soil
move to the root.
9.2.3 Explain th
5.5.1 Outline the binomial system of
5.5.2 List seven levels in the hierarchy of
taxa kingdom, phylum,
family, genus, and species using an
from two different kingdoms for
3.8.1 State that photosynthesis involves the
conversion of light energy into
3.8.2 State that light from the sun is
a range of wavelengths
3.8.3 State that chlorophyll is the main
9.1.2 Outline three differences between the
structures of dicotyledonous and
9.1.1 Draw and label plan diagrams to show
distribution of tissues in the stem
of a dicotyledonous pla
4.3.1 Define genotype, phenotype, dominant
recessive allele, codominant alleles,
homozygous, heterozygous, carrier, and
4.3.2 Determine the genotypes and phenotypes
3.7.1 Define cell respiration.
3.7.2 State that, in cell respiration,
glucose in the
broken down by glycolysis into
pyruvate, with a small yield of ATP.
3.7.3 Explain that, during anaerobic cell
Czar Nickolas Romanov II
and family, 1916
4.3.5 Explain how sex chromosomes control gender by referring to inheritance of X & Y chromosomes in human
4.3.6 State that some genes are present on the X
but absent fro
9.3.1 Draw and label a diagram showing the
structure of a dicotyledonous animalpollinated flower.
9.3.2 Distinguish between pollination,
fertilization, and seed dispersal.
9.3.3 Draw and label a diagram sho
6.5.1 State that the nervous system
consists of the central nervous
system (CNS) and peripheral nerves, and is
composed of cells
called neurons that
can carry rapid electrical impulses.
6.5.2 Draw and label a
11.3.1 Define excretion.
11.3.2 Draw and label the structure of the
11.3.3 Annotate a diagram of a glomerulus
nephron to show the
function of each part.
11.3.4 Explain the process of ultrafiltration,
3.1.0 Compare physical and chemical
Physical reactions are more easily reversible and
generally involve changes in temperature or
Key words: freeze, melt, evaporate, dissolve,
The Metric System
The Metric System
Definition: a standardized system of measuring
based upon the
Units are multiples of 10.
The Metric System
Throughout history, civilizations have
developed different systems of
Binary system (, ,
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory.
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the
2.1.3 State that unicellular
organisms carry out
functions of life.
2.1.4 Compare the relative sizes of
D.2.3 Discuss the definition of the term
D.2.1 Define allele frequency and gene pool.
D.2.2 State that evolution involves a change
frequency in a populations gene
a number of generations.
3.6.1 Define enzyme and active site.
C.2.3 Explain that enzymes lower the activation
energy of the chemical reactions that they
3.6.2 Explain enzyme - substrate specificity.
3.6.3 Explain the effects of temperature, pH, an
10.1.2 Outline the formation of chiasmata in
of croscros- sing
Review Speciation and allele frequencies
D.4.1 Explain how the Hardy-Weinberg
D.4.2 Calculate allele, genotype, and
frequencies for two alleles of
a gene using
the Hardy-Weinberg equati
3.1.4 Draw and label a diagram showing the
structure of water molecules to show their
polarity and hydrogen bond formation.
3.1.5 Outline the thermal, cohesive, and solvent
properties of water.
3.1.6 Explain the relations
D.5.1 Outline the value of classifying organisms.
D.5.2 Explain the biochemical evidence provided by the
universality of DNA and protein structures for
the common ancestry of living organisms.
D.5.3 Explain how variati
5.1.1 - Define habitat, species, population,
G.1.1 - Factors affecting the distribution of
G.1.2 - Factors affecting the distribution of
What is ecology?
The Origin of
D.1.1 Describe four processes needed for the
spontaneous origin of life.
D.1.2 Outline the experiments of Miller & Urey
origin of organic compounds.
D.1.3 State that comets may have delivered
7.1.1 Describe the structure of DNA, including
the antiparallel strands, 3 -5 linkages,
hydrogen bonding between purine
7.1.2 Outline the structure of nucleosomes.
7.1.3 State that nucleosomes help to supercoi
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large
molecules is essential.
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes
6.1 3 State the source, substrate,
and optimum pH
one protease, and
Review population characteristics and
G.5.1 Distinguish between r-strategies
G.5.2 Discuss the environmental
conditions that favor
either rstrategies or K-strategies.
Biology the study of life
Compare emergent properties at any
levels of biological organization.
Define the seven characteristics of life.
Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Compare the domains of life.
4.4.1 Outline use of polymerase chain reaction
to copy & amplify minute quantities of
4.4.2 State that, in gel electrophoresis,
of DNA move in an electric field