Chapter 6: Prenatal Influences on Healthy Development
1. The Human Genome Project is credited with the development of significant research on the
a. analysis of chemicals that make up RNA.
b. prevention of birth defec
Chapter 3: Cultural Considerations Across the Lifespan and in Health and Illness
1. Cultural competence in health care is demonstrated by:
a. sensitivity to cultural differences.
b. discussing cultural differences.
c. being able
Chapter 2: Government Influences on Health Care
1. Changes in health-care delivery systems have been influenced primarily by:
a. institution of various systems to provide cost-effective health care.
b. governmental regulation of
Chapter 14: Advanced Old-Age and Geriatrics
1. The term geriatrics refers to the study of:
a. the elderly.
b. care of aging persons.
c. human adaptation to aging.
d. biological, psychological, physiological, and sociological aspe
Chapter 4: The Influence of Family on Developing a Lifestyle
1. The family can be defined as:
a. the coexistence of two or more humans.
b. a basic human social system.
c. a hierarchal partnership.
d. a group of persons who are re
Chapter 5: Theories of Development
1. The theorist who proposed a psychosocial theory that human development occurs as a result
of interactions among the environment, culture, and the individual was:
Running head: DIABETES
Unit 1 Assignment 1
The Cause and Effect of Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease that affects how the pancreas produces insulin and results in too
much glucose or sugar in the blood. A healthy functioning
Running head: HYPERTENSION
Breckinridge School of Nursing
Cause and Effect of Hypertension
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. In your cardiovascular system
your heart acts as a pump and your vei
C. Axon extremely long covered with myelin sheath (insulates against short circuiting
An increases velocity)
D. Nerve endings (terminals) more than 10,000 branches on each neuron
E. Dendrites more than 10,000 branches, contains receptor sites receptor sit
Basic Questions :
There are three critical questions to keep in mind when attempting to interpret arterial
blood gases (ABGs).
First Question: Does the patient exhibit acidosis or alkalosis?
Second Question: What is the primary problem? Metabolic? or Resp
1. Assess pt for need for suctioning:
a. Check Lung Sounds
b. Ask pt if they need suctioning
c. Inspect site for signs and symptoms of needing suction
2. Gather Equipment Suctioning Kit and sterile gloves
3. Go into room and explai
TRACHEOSTOMY CLEANING AND DRESSING CHANGE
1. Before starting cleaning, make sure to oxygenate the pt as needed
2. Gather equipment and wash hands, pt should be in same position as in suctioning
3. Set up trach tray with basins flipped upside down onto ste
Normal resp. rate 12-24
Diaphragmmajor muscle of respiration
-sternal retraction (means pt. is working much harder to move air)
CALchronic airflow limitations
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa
Viral or bacterial
Hay fever or allergies
Acute viral rhinitis common cold sneezing or coughing
Rihinorhea watery drainage from the nose
Sore, dry throat, low grade f
Chapter 30 non-infectious lower respiratory problems
Intermittent process that involves reversible airflow obstruction and
Affects only the AIRWAYS, not the alveoli
Occurs 2 ways:
-Inflammation (obstructs lumen)
Atmospheric air is 21%
Average client uses 2-4L via NC or up to 40% via venturi mask
If a hypoxemic client who also has CHRONIC hypercarbia (increased PaCO2)
requires lower levels of oxygen delivery usually 1 to 2L/min via NC to prevent
Estrogena decrease in estrogen facilitates the S/S of menopause
-Estrogen also maintains pregnancy
Cyclic Pattern governs menstrual cyclemany women have different periods/norms for
menstruation but they all are cyclic
Use of Condoms
Use latex or polyurethane condoms rather than natural membrane condoms.
Use a condom with every sexual encounter.
Female condoms polyurethane sheaths in the vagina are effective in preventing
transmission of viruses, including HIV
Chapter 71 renal system
Polycystic Kidney Disease- fluid filled cysts in the epithelial cells of the nephrons
characterize the disease
As the cysts become filled with fluid, the nephrons functions of filtration, reabsorption,
Cystitis an inflammation of the urinary bladder. Caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi,
or parasites. Infectious cystitis is most common type of UTI.
Noninfectious cystitis is caused by chemicals or radiation.
Def: injury to more than one body system
Primary Concern as a nurse is to determine the mechanism of that injury
Penetrating: interruption to skin integrity
What are the possible underlying injuries?
o Severe blood loss
o Pneumothorax or
MODS/Shock Lecture Notes
MODSinjury to more than one body system
Always question: What was the mechanism of injury?
Two types of injury
Penetrating Trauma/Blunt Trauma
-occurs when there is a break in skin integrity
-eg. gun shot wounds, kni
Management of a client with increased intracranial pressure
Include scientific rationale for interventions. Make sure to include meds.
Elevate the head of the bed 30 degrees.
Allows for drainage of CSF and good blood
Frequent Vital signs. Establish
Management Objectives 16-30
16. Define quality assurance and risk management. Syllabus pg. 29. Book pg. 129-134
Total quality improvement is a process of identifying areas of concern called indicators, collecting data,
analyzing the data, and implementing
NURS 210 LAB IV PUSH
Saline locks are flushed with 2-3cc
Compatible fluids require zero flushes
Non-compatible fluids require 2 syringes of 5cc-10cc of NS to flush with
If a small syringe is used it p
PERIPHERAL BLOOD DRAWS
Check the doctors orders and gather equipment (the order in which the nurse draws the
blood is determined by hospital if you are not sure, call to see what order)
Tell that you asked the pt their name and DOB! Or c