Syllabus
PHYSICS 4
Optics and Modern Physics
(4 Units)
Section 1744
Spring Semester 2016
Professor Miguel Angel Moreno, Ph.D.
Atomic and Space Physicist
NASA Scientist former member of the Hubble Space Telescope Camera Team
Former Director NASA-MSET Progr

Laboratory Calculation Proof 1
1. If
y 1= A sin ( kx+10 t ) and
Show that:
y 2= A sin ( kx+ 10t ) where k =
y 1+ y 2=[ 2 Asin (kx ) ] cos (wt ) .
2
and 2 f .

Chapter 41: Quantum Mechanics
Problems: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21
1. A free electron has a wave function
where x is in meters. Find its (a) de Broglie wavelength, (b) momentum, and (c) kinetic
energy in electron volts.
a.
b.
c.
3. The wave

Carbon-14 Dating
I learned that radiocarbon dating is a method of
estimating the age of organic material. It was developed
by Willard F. Libby and coworkers. It has provided a way
to determine the ages of different materials in archeology,
geology, geophy

Lasers
Laser is an acronym of Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation,
which the name itself exhibits the major processes involved in laser production. Lasers are
devices that emit narrow beams of intense electromagnetic radiation (lig

Chapter 43: Molecules and Solids
Problems: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21
1. Potassium chloride is an ionically bonded molecule that is sold as a salt substitute for use
in a low-sodium diet. The electron affinity of chlorine is 3.6 eV. An ener

Chapter 45: Applications of Nuclear Physics
Problems: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21
1. If the average energy released in a fission event is 208 MeV, find the total number of
fission events required to operate a 100-W lightbulb for 1.0 h. Find

Chapter 42: Atomic Physics
Problems: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21
1. The wavelengths of the Lyman series for hydrogen are given by
(a) Calculate the wavelengths of the first three lines in this series. (b) Identify the region
of the electroma

Chapter 36 Summary
Lateral magnification is defined as the ratio of image height to the object height. This
ratio always has a value of +1 for a plane mirror since the erect image is
always the same size as the object. Lateral magnification of
a spherical

Chapter 46: Particle Physics and Cosmology
Problems: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21
1. A photon produces a protonantiproton pair according to the reaction p+ p . (a)
What is the minimum possible frequency of the photon? (b) What is its waveleng

California Institute of Technology Video #39 Summary
The educational film of Annenberg Learner was provided by the California Institute of
Technology discussed key topics relating to how by the 1860s all the pieces of the electricity and
magnetism puzzle

Chapter 35 Summary
Reflection and refraction can occur when a light ray is incident
obliquely on a smooth planar surface which forms the boundary between two
transparent media of different optical densities. A portion of the energy
associated with each in

Chapter 44: Nuclear Structure
Problems: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21
1. Consider the
65
Cu nucleus. Find approximate values for its (a) radius, (b) volume,
29
and (c) density.
a.
b.
c.
3. (a) Use energy methods to calculate the distance of cl

Chapter 34 Summary
Maxwells equations, together with the Lorentz force law, describe all
electromagnetic phenomena. Electromagnetic waves are a natural consequence of
these laws which are in the form of surface integrals and
line integrals. Equations for

Chapter 44 Nuclear structure Summary
Chapter 44 starts of by explaining the structure of the atomic nucleus. Nuclear radius is
proportional to the cube root of the mass number. All nuclei have nearly the same density and
can be modeled as tightly packed s

Chapter 39 Summary
Galilean space-time transformation equations transform the location and time of an event
in one inertial frame of reference, S, with space-time coordinates (x, y z, t) to a second frame of
reference, S, with coordinates (x, y, z, t) mov

Chapter 46 Particle Physics and Cosmology Summary
In the last chapter of the text book we learn on how examine the current theory of
elementary particles. The chapter also explains how clarifications of how the models will help
scientist understand the bi

Chapter 41 Quantum Mechanics Summary
In this Chapter mention that the wave function of a free particle moving along the x axis
is a sinusoidal wave. Where the wave representing the particle has a constant amplitude and
angular wave number. The probability

Chapter 37 Summary
In Youngs double-slit experiment, two slits separated by a distance serve e the
number of secondary monochromatic coherent sources. The light intensity at any
point on the screen is the resultant of light reaching the screen from both
s

Chapter 40 Summary
Stefans law states that the total power emitted by a body as thermal radiation depends on
the fourth power of the Kelvin temperature. The parameter is the Stefan-Boltzmann constant and
e is the emissivity of the surface of area. Accordi

Chapter 42 Atomic Physics Summary
In this chapter I was informed that Balmer series wavelengths for the four visible
emission lines is calculated using the empirical equation where RH is called the Rydberg constant.
This represents the lines in the visibl

Chapter 38 Summary
The diffraction pattern consists of a broad central bright band and a
series of less intense narrow side bands. The general condition for destructive
interference in single slit diffraction requires that sin equal an integer
multiple of

Chapter 45 Applications of nuclear Physics Summary
In this chapter we learn that to understand nuclear fission it is important to know how
neutrons interact with nuclei. The fission of uranium nucleus by bombardment with a low-energy
neutron results in th

Chapter 43 Molecules and Solids Summary
Chapter 24 is about Molecules and Solids, which it describes the bonding mechanism. A
potential-energy function which models a molecule must account for a force of repulsion
between the atoms of the molecule at smal

Thin lenses
C2
C1
Optical
axis
Alternative derivation of the thin lenses formula
R1
R2
SS0o
C2
no
nl
(1)
ni
C1
Si1
Si2
(2)
S0
Si1
Considering surface-1
(For the case shown in the figure, R1 is a positive number)
Considering surface-2
(For the case shown i

Optical Differences Between Telescopes and Microscopes
Robert R. Pavlis, Girard, Kansas USA
icroscopes and telescopes are optical instruments that are designed to permit observation of objects and details of objects that are impossible to observe with the

Curved surfaces and lenses
(Material taken from: Optics, by E. Hecht, 4th Ed., Ch: 5)
One of the important challenges pertaining to the practical aspects of optics is wave shaping, i.e. controlling the geometry of the wavefront. We have already seen in th

Physics 41- Lab 5
Determination of Focal Length of A Converging Lens and Mirror
Objective:
Apply the thin-lens equation and the mirror equation to determine the focal length of a
converging (biconvex) lens and mirror.
Apparatus: Biconvex glass lens, spher

General Science 1110L Lab
Lab 7: CONVEX LENS
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the image formed by a certain thin convex lens
and to determine its focal length.
APPARATUS: Convex lens, optical bench, light source, target image slide,
lens mounts, and screen.
THEO