Why Is Sociology a Science?
Why is social science (sociology) science? Is sociology simply a pseudoscience? After all, its ability to predict the future is questionable! Isn't it? What
is science? In mathematics, 2 + 2 always = 4. Sociology often cannot m
Life chances refer to one's access to resources. Life chances can refer to
one's ability to get food and shelter. It also refers to access to social
institutions such as health care, education, the government, and the law
Analysis of Class: Max Weber
How does one determine social class? Often social class is thought of in
terms of money and/or wealth. For example, if one individual earns a million
dollars per year while another individual earns $3,000 per year, the first
Definition of Social Organization
Charon (1986:110) contends that social organization refers to patterns of
social interaction. Within organization, expectations become more fixed.
Actors agree on important matters affecting interaction and control themse
Demographic perspectives are ways of relating basic population information to
theories about how the world operates demographically. Demographic
perspectives affect the way we interpret the relationships between populations
Methods of Gathering Data
Weber suggested that sociology needs several methods of investigation. The
following material provides various benefits and problems associated with four
methods of gathering data.
Case Studies (field study)
Economic independence is a primary goal for many of the oppressed in the
United States. In American society work is the preferred avenue people follow
in pursuit of economic independence. Often, however,
Functionalist Theories of Societal Change
Functionalist theories tend to assume that as societies develop, they become
ever more complex and interdependent (Appelbaum and Chambliss,
1997:420). Herbert Spencer referred to it as a change from "incoherent
Forms of Authority
Appelbaum and Chambliss (248:1997) begin their discussion of political
sociology with some material drawn from Max Weber on the relationship
between power and authority. Remember, power is the ability to achieve one's
will despite resis
Nature Vs. Nurture
The nature vs. nurture debate explores the relative importance of cultural
(social environment) and biological (heredity) factors in the developmental
process of human beings. Is our biology most important in determining who
we are or i
The Development of Formal Social Structure: Division of Labor
The impact of social structure is great indeed! Durkheim, in his epic work, The
Division of Labor in Society (1983) maintained "as society becomes larger and
more complex, there
Culture and Society
What is Culture?
Culture is the totality of learned, socially transmitted behavior.
Culture is all the values, norms, and customs that people
share with one another.
Culture includes language and beliefs
Culture is all of the materi
What Is Sociology?
The American Sociological Association (2006) describes sociology as the
study of social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of
human behavior. The ASA contends that sociologists investigate the
structure of group
The Myth of Objectivity
Many often claim to strive for objectivity. Objectivity is sought both in the
subject under study and as a strategy for teaching students. At some level,
however, the concept of objectivity is a myth. What appears objective may
The Conflict Perspective
Conflict theorists see society less as a cohesive system and more as an arena
of conflict and power struggles. Instead of people working together to further
the goals of the "social system,"
People are seen achieving their will at
What is a Theoretical Perspective?
Perspectives might best be viewed as models.
Each perspective makes assumptions about society.
Each one attempts to integrate various kinds of information about
Models give meaning to what we see and experience.
What is Demography?
Demography is the study of population. It looks at everything that influences
population size, distribution, processes, and the influence that change in
population has on other contemporary issues. Major components of
Types of White-Collar Crime
Appelbaum and Chambliss (1997:117) call attention to two types of whitecollar crime.
Occupational crime occurs when crimes are committed to promote personal
interests. Crimes that fall into this category i
What is Social Structure?
Social structure refers to patterns around which society is organized. Henslin
(1999:96) defines social structure as "the framework of society that was
already laid out before you were born." Social mobility is often achieved by
Theories of Collective Behavior
Contagion theories argue that human beings revert to herd-like behavior when
they get together in large crowds. People in crowds mill about, like a group of
animals, stimulating and goading one another
Introduction: Economic Inequality is the Essence
This section explores issues that involve minorities in general. It is not
intended to address specific minorities. Any presentation like this one should
provide material that applies to all minority/majori
T. Trimpe 2008 http:/sciencespot.net/
1. One of SpongeBobs cousins with hybrid round eyes (Rr) had children with
someone who also had hybrid round eyes (Rr).
A. Create a Punnett square to show the possible offspring that would result
from this cross.