Ch 1- What is Psychology? Psychology: the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Science- systematic methods o Goal: describe, predict, explain behavior and mental processes (sometimes to control or change them) o Scientists tool kit: Critical
Sensation and Perception
Sensation and Perception
Sensation: The process through which the
senses pick up visual, auditory, and other
sensory stimuli and transmit them to the
brain (i.e., converting stimulus energy into
The Nervous System
Billions of nerve cells
Neurons: nerve cells that handle information processing
e.g., mirror neurons:
Glial cells: provide support, nutritional benefits
Chapter 5: States
What is consciousness
James (1890) stream of consciousness
Metacognition: Think about thinking
Constant flow of changing sensations, images, thoughts,
Ease/difficulty to understand what we are reading or t
Chapter 6: Learning
Types of Learning
Learning: A systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience
Associative Learning/Conditioning: making connections or associations between two events
Chapter 1: What is Psychology
Website (Password: LoveTheMind)
2 exams (multiple choice, non-cumulative)
Final (multiple choice, short answer, cumulative)
Synopsis on ONE guest lecture
Textbook: Laura King
Kevin J. Cochran
University of California, Irvine
Topics to be Covered
Encoding, Retention, Retrieval
Rehearsal, imagery, elaboration,
Priming, recall, recognition
Chapter 12: Personality
Personality & Freud
A pattern of enduring, distinctive thoughts, emotions, and
behaviors that characterize the way an individual adapts to
Sigmund Freud : Sex drive is the main motivator for
THINKING, INTELLIGENCE, AND LANGUAGE
THINKING & CONCEPTS
Thinking: Involves manipulating information mentally by forming
concepts, solving problems, making decisions, and reflecting in a
critical or creative manner.
Concepts: Mental categorie
Chapter 10: p. 328-342
Topics to be covered
Physiological arousal, cognitive, and
Theories of emotion
What is an emotion?
A feeling, or affect, that can involve:
The pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities that
occurs throughout life.
Longitudinal studies > Cross-sectional studies
Cohort effects dont bias results
For human development nature matters more
P9/P7A Introduction to Psychology Final Exam Study
Guide Spring 2016
There will be a total of 57 multiple-choice questions on the
exam. There will be 1 short- essay question. Below is a
comprehensive list of the most important content from each
unit. In a
Chapter 8: Learning
Learning- acquisition of knowledge, skill, attitudes, or understanding
Stimulus- sensory event that an individual can detect
Habituation- A simple type of learning in which repeated presentation of a stimulus elicits a
weaker and weake
Review for Midterm 2 - Chapter 7
1. Psychologists describe consciousness as one's
A) ability to differentiate between abstract and concrete.
B) perception of his or her own mental processes.
C) awareness of the presence of other people.
D) perception of t
Review for Midterm 2 - Chapter 8
1. The acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or understanding brought about by experience is called
C) memory enhancement.
2. A stimulus is
A) something that is relatively
Review for Midterm 2 - Chapter 9
1. Memory, as a general construct, is best defined as
A) the ability to briefly retain information in the senses.
B) the long-term ability to recall events.
C) the ability to store and retrieve learned information.
Review for Midterm 2 - Chapter 10
1. Scientists who study language are called
2. Phonemes are
A) words in a language that sound alike.
B) basic speech sounds that make up languages.
C) rules fo
P9/P7A (LECTURE B):
INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY
TUESDAY & THURSDAY 9:30-10:50AM
PARKVIEW CLASSROOM BUILDING (PCB) 1100
PROFESSOR AND TAS