End of Warrior Rule Outline 1. harbingers of trouble-the 1830s 2. problems brought by foreign trade 3. the politics of reform and revolution Domestic issues in the 1830s 1. Breaking and smashing-attacks on rice merchants 2. Oshio Heihachiro in Osaka (1837
Second Coming of the West
I. Questions for today
A. Why did the West pose a new and greater threat in the 19th century?
B. What did the West want?
C. How did the samurai respond?
II. The Russians are Coming
A. Adam Laxman (1793)
Samurai Apotheosis II
The Samurai as intellectual
The samurai as moral exemplar
Challenge to Tendo
Rules are man-made, not natural
Creators = sage kings
Politics is public; human feeling is private (ninjo)
Samurai Apotheosis I. Shido, the warrior ideal A. Tokugawa Ieyasu as a (posthumous) model for behavior B. Yamaga Soko (1622-1685) and one's calling (shokubun ) C. Hagakure-a text for modern times D. Tokugawa Mitsukuni, 1628-1700 and duty (giri ) II. Warri
Tokugawa Settlement The Last Military Regime I. Tokugawa Ieyasu: The 3rd great "unifier" (Conqueror) A. Battle of Sekigahara, 1600 B. Shogun, 1603 C. Retirement, 1605 D. Defeat of Toyotomi Hideyori in Osaka castle, 1615 E. Codes to regulate conduct II. Co
Conquest and attack on Korea
What are the consequences of civil war?
How do you put a failed state back together?
What do you do with excess military men?
I. Civil war and the militarization of society
Collapse of the Ashikaga sho
Muromachi culture, Noh, and Tale of the Heike I. The Ashikaga regime as a military government a. What were its goals? b. How did it function? c. What were its strengths and weaknesses? d. What were its relations with the imperial court? e. How is it remem
Mongol Invasions and 14th century Transformation
What kind of military regime was Kamakura?
With whom did it have to share power?
What brings it down?
I The Gates of Power 1100-1333
a. Kyoto court (kuge + retired emperors)
b. Military (Kamakura
Japanese Religion and Warrior Identity I. Buddhism-A Foreign Religion? A. Where does Buddhism come from? B. What is Buddhism? C. What is the meaning of life? D. What happens to us when we die? II. Key concepts in Buddhism: A. Samsara (transmigration) B. K
Civil Disorder and Rise/Fall of the Heike Contending centers of power-aristocrats, temples, and exemperors I. Rise of Retired Emperors-Shirakawa's desire to control estates and temples A. Strife between retired emperors B. Strife between different branche
Where do Samurai come from?
A. What does the term samurai mean?
3. Bushi Buke
B. Where do the Japanese people come from?
1. 20,000 BCE, from Micronesia or Taiwan (Formosa)-Jomon-pots with
inlaid rope desi
Heian Japan (794-1185)
Questions for today What do rulers do? Why do so many countries for so long have hereditary rulers? How do Japanese rulers acquire respect and authority? How do they change from being fighters for position to sanctioning
A. B. C.