C7 Reading Notes Week 8 United States department of justice www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/flowchart.htm Summary of flow chart - Entry into the system Prosecution and pretrial services Adjudication Sentencing and sanctions Corrections Sequence of events
Criminology 1/25/07 Homicide Killing of a person by another person (Not a Crime) Suicide is not a crime Attempted suicide not a crime Criminal Homicide consists of either murder (the crime) In California the unlawful killing of a human being or f
Tuesday, February 12: Theories of Crime Deviance Jenness & Goodman (2006) o (Real or purported) non-normative behavior that, if detected, can be subject to informal or formal sanctions. o Norm-violating conduct that is subject to social control. o So
Place that erects barriers to social interchange with world at large
Place which is socially isolated, self-sufficient, and maintains 24-hour control over its
inmates or patients
Prisons are total institutions
Does adding police lower crime?
EVIDENCE IS MIXED
That is, do certain police approaches reduce crime more than others? If so, which ones?
Policing Strategies and Impact
Nationwide, law enforcement made estimated 12,408,899 arrests:
Plea Bargaining and Justice
Roles and Responsibilities of Judges
Judges are responsible for honest, impartial, and equitable administration of justice
Selection of Judges
Judges are either elected or appointed; both mechanisms have variety of probl
Structure of the U.S. Courts
Court emerged as integral part of life in most communities
Celebrations, emergencies, religious services, dances, town council assemblies,
Driving While Black: Bias Processes and Racial Disparity in Police Stops by Patricia Warren, Donald TomaskovicDevey, William Smith, Matthew Zingraff, and Marcinda Mason
Does this automatically imply cops are racist?
Q: What are
Goals and forms of punishment
From Theory to Policy: Evidence-Based Corrections by Doris MacKenzie
Theories of Corrections
Comprised of 3 components:
1) Statement of the purpose or goal of corrections
2) Each theory has implicit explic
General Roles of Defense Attorney
Advocates for accused
Specific Functions of Defense Counsel
Specific Functions of Defense Counsel Contd.
Question asked by Lisa McIntyre in your 2nd reading on defens
Structure of the Criminal Justice System: Corrections
The Birth of the Prison
The Case of California
The Future of Imprisonment
The Case of California
Explanations: Increased politicization of crime and the
Criminal Justice Theory: Its Time to Ask Why by Peter Kraska and John Brent
Problem and Solution
Problem: despite over 30 years of research and development, field does not have recognizable
body of theoretical scholarship about criminal justice sy
history of policing,
what police do and what impact it has on society,
how citizens interact with police,
and police misconduct
History of Policing
In nation with population approaching 319 million people, law enforcement in US t
Leroy Orange lawsuit against the state-$6 million settlement
Former Gov. George Ryan in effect, indicted Locallo
Locallo comment: Ryan is not a lawyer, doesnt understand the criminal justice system.
Torture and a tortured crime theory
Sociological Perspectives on Punishment by David Garland
Thinking About Punishment
How do specific penal measures come into existence?
What social functions does punishment perform?
How do penal in
How does incarceration create and maintain inequality?
The stratifying effects of imprisonment depend on:
a) high rates of incarceration;
b) significant disparities in likelihood of being imprisoned; and
c) connections of current and former i
Disparities in Criminal Sentencing
The Convergence of Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Class on Court Decisionmaking: Looking
Toward the 21st Century by Marjorie Zatz
Bias in the Process?
Bias in the Process?
Bias in the Process?
Racially Based Jury Nullification: Black Power in the Criminal Justice System by Paul
But should jurors ever disregard judges instructions and base their decision on something
other than evidence or facts of case?
The Changing Nature of Death Penalty Debates by Michael Radelet and Marian Borg
1972 Supreme Court decision
Changes in Death Penalty Arguments
Deterrence no longer justifiable argument
The Police Working Personality
By Jerome Skolnick
Effect of police work on officers outlook on world
Danger, authority, and efficiency are important factors
POLICEwomen or PoliceWOMEN? Doing Gender and Po
Chapter 1: Criminal Justice Theories and Ideologies
a. Two schools
i. Positivist and Classical
b. Three modern political ideologies
i. Conservative, liberal, and Radical
ii. What is an Ideology?
1. Unprovable sets of assumptions
Chapter 5: Policing a Free Society
a. Have a great deal of authority
i. To arrest, search, detain, use force
ii. Disrupt your freedom, invade your privacy
b. Police is necessary to maintain order
c. Our strength and quality of life is
Industrialized societies often perceive women as subservient to men Men are often portrayed or perceived as aggressive and women as passive. -As seen in the Thriller video Gender Roles- Dichotomy Men Aggressive Earners (make money) Rational
Population Boom or Doom Population Growth => misery -Malthus Population Growth=> development -Durkheim -Economic optimists Population growth can be good or bad, depending on the geopolitical context -Marxists, world-systems analysts Thomas R. Malthus
The Common Law Tradition o Predominant tradition of Great Britain; Central feature= case law o Judges are lawmakers o Most countries with a historical common law basis are now mixed systems; usually incorporate civil law o Until recently you could on
Catherine Barba Violence in CA Correctional Facilities: An Empirical Examination of Sexual Assault Issue: Inmate sexual assault is a public health and human rights issue and a management issue in correctional facilities. Resolution: Prison Rape Elimi
Crime Schools On Speeding
The two predominant schools of criminological thought are the classical and the
positivist. Each school has its own ideologies, but both deal with criminal justice, a system that is
essentially about implementing punishment. The
Exam Two Study Guide
C7 Introduction to Criminology, Law & Society
Fewer multiple choice Q
One essay that is longer, about a page long
Short answer with multiple choice
Q about the two novels will be in the short answ
Why do so many people not make it through probation successfully? Provide some
concrete suggestions for improving this type of community supervision.
1. you basically just use courtroom 302 for this. I didnt find anything on the other textbook. but it
Chapter 3: Two Models of the Criminal Process
a. People who commit a crime do not want to get caught; they will fight for their freedom
even if they are guilty
b. Police may use unethical methods to have the offender confess but th