Name: _ Date: _ Page: 20-21, 25 1. Formulating testable hypotheses before conducting research is most directly useful for restraining a thinking error known as: A) random sampling. B) the hindsight bias. C) illusory correlation. D) random assignment.
Name: _ Date: _ 1. Through direct experience with animals, we come to anticipate that dogs will bark and that birds will chirp. This best illustrates: A) the law of effect. B) spontaneous recovery. C) respondent behavior. D) associative learning. 2.
Chapter 18 Lecture 19 1. Prejudice an unjustifiable attitude (feelings/emotions based on beliefs, that predispose us to perform certain actions) toward a group and the people in that group. 2. Stereotype generalized belief about a group of people.
Chapter 18 Lecture 18 1. Social psychology the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and related to one another. 2. Attribution theory suggest how we explain someone's behavior- either attribute it to the person's disposition or to th
Chapter 17 Lecture 17 - Therapy 1. Psychological therapy an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone suffering from psychological difficulties and is used with psychological disorders that are believed to b
Chapter 16 – Lecture 17 – Psychological Disorders
1. Defining psychological disorders (deviant, distressful, dysfunctional) – behavior
patterns that are:
a. Deviant – behaving differently than most people in one’s culture determined by
Practice Exam Chapter 15, 16, 17, & 18.
Name: _ Date: _ 1. Ego is to id as _ is to _. A) unconscious; conscious B) biology; morality C) reality principle; pleasure principle D) regression; repression 2. Freud referred to a lingering focus of pleasur
The mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people. There are a variety of chairs but their common features define the concept of a chair.
Thinking and Language
We organize concepts into c
The Psychoanalytic Perspective
The Humanistic Perspective The Trait Perspective The Social-Cognitive Perspective
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
The Phenomenon of Memory
Memory is any indication that learning has persisted over time. It is our ability to store and retrieve information.
Stages of Memory
1) Does physiological arousal precede or follow your emotional experience?
2) Does cognition (thinking) precede emotion (feeling)?
Question: How do you know what emotion you are experiencing?
Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience.
We learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence.
The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory information, which enables us to recognize meaningful objects and events.
Perceptions about objects change from moment to momen
Sensation & Perception
To represent the world, we must detect physical energy (a stimulus) from the environment and convert it into neural signals. This is a process called sensation. When we select, organize, and interpret our sensations, the proces