a. Temperatures past and future
i. By how much have temperatures increased over the past century?
- .85 degree Celsius between 1810-2012 on average land and ocean combined
- But hard to measure ocean
ii. What pattern of warming have we seen: compare tempe
Lecture 11: Atmospheric structure and water vapor
Be able to describe the structure of Earths atmosphere in terms of pressure and temperature
Be able to explain the different between weather and climate
Be able to make simple calculati
Residence time: amt of reservoir/total sources or sinks (fluxes in or out). Necessary for life: heavier elemnts(nuclear fusion), source of ene, presence of liq H2o(habitable zone), & suitabl env conditions. Force due to gravity:
G(m1m2/R^2). R-distance b/
Study Guide for ESS 1 Final 2016
Your primary source of information is the lecture slides, quizzes and midterms with the
textbook used to review background information and to help you review something you do not
understand. If a term or topic is in the te
ESS 1: Intro to Earth System Science Midterm 2 2016 Version A Answers
Part A: Answer the following 20 multiple choice questions on the DataLink form using a 2B pencil. Questions are
worth 1 point each.
At which position (A, B, C, or D) will the norther
Lecture 20: The Biosphere
Be able to describe and explain how life can be classified
Be able to describe/explain/write chemical equations for the processes by which organisms obtain energy
Be able to describe/explain how energy moves
Our population has been undergoing exponential growth
1950 = 2.5 billion
1982 = 4.6 billion
2012 = 7 billion
2050 = 8-10.5 billion
How many people can Earth support (carrying capacity)? What will be the limiting
What is Life?
Processes essential and characteristic of all living organisms:
Metabolism sum of all the chemical reactions by which energy is
provided and used for life processes. Examples photosynthesis,
respiration in this way we can consume
How do we know about history of life on Earth?
Unusual to find insect fossils because they decompose, they dont have
hard parts, fossil record is BIAS
o Mostly skeleton part, we get it from places where its likely to have
The complete pathway that a chemical element follows through the earth system
bio: involves life
geo: involves solid earth
chemical: involve chemical elements
Macronutrients - required in large amounts by all life; fundamental building
An ecosystem includes:
o Community of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms
o Air, water, soil, etc.
Biomes are classes of ecosystems (e.g. boreal forests, tropical rainforests,
Rainforests - Near the equator
California - Med
ESS27_Final Exam Study Guide
The final is cumulative. You will be tested on material also covered by the first two study
guides for the midterm. As a general rule, focus on material covered in lecture rather than
From Lecture 2 Systems and Feedbacks
What is Earth System Science
The 4 (or 5) major reservoirs of the Earth system
Material moves between these reservoirs at
different rates. If the rate changes then the volume
of the reservoir changes.
- Difference betw
Last Name 1
Course Number / Essay #, Draft # (or Assignment Name)
Before you start writing, make sure you have 1 margins on all sides of the paper. Your
computer may be in centimeters instead of inches, so make sure th
Study Guide for ESS 21 Midterm 2 2016
Your primary sources of information are the lecture slides and quizzes with the readings and
discussions used to provide additional background information and to help you review anything
you do not understand. If a te
Study Guide for Midterm 1
Well have the ESS15 midterm on Monday, October 17, from 9:00a to 9:50a, in
the regular lecture hall. This midterm will count 20% of your grade for the course.
Im mainly trying to see that you unders
ESS15 Fall 2016 Midterm 2 study guide.
Well have the second ESS15 midterm on Wed, Nov. 9, from 9:00 to 9:50, in the
regular lecture hall. This midterm will count 20% of your grade for the course.
Im mainly trying to see that you understand concepts pres
-glacial erosion makes some of the most dramatic landscapes
Ex. steep-sided valleys and jagged, knife-edged ridges and pointed spires
-when ice melt, or get down a mountain, it brings rock underneath with it and it act like
-The moving ice abrad
-state of atmosphere at given moment
-average weather over 30 years
Earths Climates: Koeppen System
-short to no dry seasons
-low to mid latitude dry
-rainfall rather than snowfall causes more flood during winter and less available water in
Porosity- percentage of rock or soil that is open space
Permeability- how easily water passes through
Permafrost have low permeability
Source of heavy elements: nuclear fusion: Nuclei of lighter elements combine to form heavier elements in the core of a
star through nuclear fusion, Supernovae (explosions of large stars) go on to produce even heavier elements, Cosmic cloud
formed from dus
Lecture 2: Systems and Feedbacks
Reminder: Discussions this week are compulsory!
Image credit: Chris Butler/SPL
Why do we get Santa Ana winds?
What is Earth System Science?
Ways of describing the Earth System
Systems; closed vs open
Lecture 10 Atmosphere
formation and evolution
Quiz 3 will be open from 2p.m. Friday until 10.30a.m. on Monday
Deadline for earthquake extra credit is Monday at 1p.m.
Information about the midterm
Monday 17th October from 1-1.50p.m. in this room (SSLH 100
Lecture 4 What controls a
First online quiz will be open from 2p.m. until 12 noon on Monday
3 chances to complete quiz and I will take the top of those 3 scores
so you have nothing to lose by trying again!
BUT. 3 SUB
NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems
Lecture 3: What makes a habitable planet
What is necessary for life?
Source of energy
Presence of liquid water
Suitable environmental conditions
What makes Earth a habitable plane
Lecture 6 - Plate Boundaries
Be able to describe and identify energy transfer due to conduction,
convection, and radiation
For each type of plate boundary (convergent, divergent, transform)
be able to :
describe/explain/draw what happe