It is always important to remember that nutritional care is person centered to provide optimal success in the patient care.
Person centered care is based on patients need or desire, the patient is involved in the nutritional planning or a family member is
Nephron (the most important unit) is the functional unit of the kidneys that filters, secretes,
reabsorbs, and excretes.
Disease conditions that interfere with normal glomerular functions are inflammation and
Small membranes and blood ves
Nephron (the most important unit) is the functional unit of the kidneys that filters, secretes, reabsorbs,
Disease conditions that interfer with normal glomerular functions are inflammation and infection
Small membranes and blood vess
Adequate energy is needed to spare the protein. Eat more carbohydrates.
Increase protein for rapid growth of fetus, development of placenta, increase blood volume, increase
Protein intake increase 25g/more a day during pregnancy. 50% more
Patients with a peptic ulcer should receive a general well balanced diet as tolerated.
Current diet therapy is based on a liberal diet guided by individual responses to food, avoiding alcohol and coffee
Food items that should be avoided with a peptic ulce
Healthy people 2010 increasing span of healthy life for americans
Registered dietitian authority in hospital nutrition.
Metabolism- the sum of all chemical changes that take place in the body by which it maintains itself and produces energy for its
Chpt. 2 Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate foods provide practical energy sources because of their availability, relatively low cost, and storage capacity.
Carbohydrate structures vary from simple to complex, providing both quick and extended energy for the body.
12 The Fat-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamins are essential, organic compounds needed for important metabolic reactions in the body. They are not a source of
energy. Instead, they promote many energy-yielding and other reactions in the body, thereby aiding in the
Chapter 9 Energy Metabolism
Metabolism refers to the entire network of chemical processes involved in maintaining life.
It encompasses all the sequences of chemical reactions that occur in the body.
Some of these biochemical reactions enable us to release
Food insecurity and hunger occur in virtually every country.
About 1 in 8 people worldwide do not get enough food to meet their requirements.
2 billion people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies.
Food Insecure-condition in which the quality, variety, a
Study of Nutrition
Health promotion- active involvement in behaviors or programs that advance positive well-being.
Nutrition- the sum of the processes involved with the intake of nutrients as well as assimilating and using them to
maintain body tissue and
16 Nutritional Aspects or Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
A favorable pregnancy outcome is one lasting the full term gestation period that results in a live, healthy
infant weighting more than 5.5 pounds and permits the mother to return to her prepregnancy he
Photosynthesis is when plants convert sunlight/ solar energy into carbohydrates
CHO- Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen- carbohydrates
Sucrose- disaccharide, simple table sugar
Ketones are the acids from fat breakdown when not enough carbohydrate intake.
Chapter 5 Carbohydrates
Plants are the main source of carbohydrates
Photosynthesis- process by which plants use energy from the sun to produce energy-yielding
compounds, such as glucose.
Monosaccharides-simple sugar, such as glucose, that is not broken do
Chapter 2 Carbohydrates
Nature of Carbohydrates: Relation to energy
Basic Fuel Source:
Energy Production System:
Classes of Carbohydrates
SaccharideSimple carbohydratesComplex carbohydrates-
Vitamin c deficiency characterized by Small pinpoint hemorrhages and easy bruising. Discoloration of skin, painful joints, gums
swell and bleed, teeth will loosen.
Disease associated with vitamin C deficiency is scurvy.
Scurvy- a hemorrhagic disease cause