Chapter 9 Muscular System Physiology: Study Guide
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-What are 3 different types of muscle tissue?
Where are each of these muscle tissues found?
What is their function?
Are they voluntary, involuntary, striated, unstriated
-What are the
There were two main focuses of the lecture today. The first was muscle contraction on a
more macroscopic level. This included discussion on a muscle twitch and the three
phases that accompany it:
o Latent period
A brief period between when the s
This lecture focused on muscle and the way in which contraction occurs. This began with
a review on the microscopic anatomy of the muscle which included talk about
myofilaments and the proteins that make them up. There was then further discussion
The two main focuses of this lecture were on the endocrine system and blood. The endocrine
system continued with talk on the adrenal gland and the different regions and functions that are
associated with it. These areas include:
o Adrenal cortex
The assigned reading for this week, The Banking Concept of Education, was very
thought provoking and included several key quotes. The first of these quotes was, Authentic
reflection considers neither abstract nor the world without people, but people with
The two main focuses of lecture today were blood vessels and the respiratory system. Blood
vessels began with a discussion on the differences between arteries and veins.
Have a round lumen with thick walls
Blood is moved by the heart
The two main focuses of this lecture were on the digestive system and the male reproductive
system. The digestive system continued with the small intestines which have a main function of
absorption of nutrients. This part of the alimentary canal
Give an example of a chemical synapse and an electrical synapse
Be able to label a diagram of Chemical synapse (where is the synapse, the presynaptic
side, where are the neurotransmitters, etc.)
Understand the correct sequence of events that wil
The focus of this lecture was on the intrinsic conduction of the heart and the different
mechanisms associated with it. The intrinsic conduction of the heart consisted of 5 steps.
o SA node; generation of impulse
o Pausing of impulse at the AV no
Chapter 16: Endocrine System Study Guide
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How are hormones transported throughout the body?
In order for a hormone to have an effect at a target organ, what does the target
organ need to express?
Compared to Nervous system, does th
Exam 1 Study Guide
*TOPICS NOT COVERED ON THIS EXAM FROM THE BOOK (NOTE IM LISTING BOOK
- Chapter 1: The language of anatomy, and all of its subheadings
- All of chapter 2- although it may be useful for review
- Chapter 3: The cellular
o This video began with describing how Optogenetics is the use of light to control
cells. The research began with green algae and the protein that causes it to move
towards or away from the light. Neuroscientists then realized this c
Steroid/amino acid based
1) Releasing and Inhibiting
1) Cause anterior pituitary to release/inhibit
2) Stored in posterior pituitary water
The main focus of the lecture today was on the Endocrine system with multiple important points
being discussed. The first of these was the ways in hormone glands are activated. There are
three types which include:
Endocrine glands are
The main focuses of this lecture were the spinal cord, reflexes, and the ANS. The spinal cord is
very important as it allows for two-way communication with the brain. This structure consist of
31 spinal nerves which are made of two nerve roots wh
Chapter 18: Heart Study Guide
Describe the different layers of the heart.
o What is unique about the myocardium in terms of the myocardial cells?
Be able to describe the movement of blood through the heart, pulmonary circuit
and systemic circuit.
Urinary System Study Guide
-What is the function of the urinary system?
- Trace the path of urine from the collecting ducts of the nephron to the outside of the body
- Differentiate between
the urinary bladder
What are features of
There were two main parts to the lecture today. The first was on the autonomic system
and the difference between the two divisions of this system. The first main difference
occurs in the pathway for neurons in each system. In the parasympathetic
CHAPTER 12 CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
What are our 3 meninges, what are their functions?
Describe the ventricular system in the brain?
Where is it located?
What is found inside?
What cells line the ventricular system?
- Where is it?
- What d
Digestive System Study Guide (Chapter 23)
READ THE CHAPTER IN THE BOOK. YOU ARE ONLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
ANATOMY COVERED DURING CLASS LECTURES.
What are the main functions of the 6 digestive functions that we discussed in
What are the 6 digest
Study Guide: Chapter 22- Respiratory System
What structures are in:
o the conducting zone?
o The respiratory zone?
o What is the main purpose of each of these respiratory zones?
o an alveoli
o an alveolar sac
o an alveolar po
The focus of the lecture was on the many different interconnected areas of the brain. This
started with the diencephalon which contains the thalamus, hypothalamus, and epithalamus.
The main relay station for sensory information and me
The main focus of this lecture was further discussion on action potential and graded potential.
Then we talked about the difference in conduction between a myelinated and an unmyelinated
axon. The conduction is much faster in a myelinated axon as
Blood Vessel Study Guide
Understand the basics of the flow of blood from the heart and back to the heartwhat is correct order of vessels that blood will encounter?
What are some of the main differences between arteries in veins that contribute to
There were two main parts this lecture. The first was the completion of the discussion of
neurotransmitters. We talked Serotonin which is important in the regulation of mood,
behavior, appetite, and cerebral circulation. This neurotransmitter is
There was a lot discussed during this lecture with there being a few main points. The
first of these points was the 11 organ systems and the organs and functions associated
with each. The second topic discussed was the maintenance of homeostasis
The main focus of this lecture was on the electrical activity within neurons. This
involved discussion on graded potential and action potential. Graded potential can fall
under multiple categories. The first of these categories is depolarization
There were two main focuses of the lecture today. The first of these is the organelles within the
cell and the importance of each of these cells. The three main components of cells were
discussed which are the plasma membrane, cytoplasm and organ
The main focus of this lecture was the different types of transport. The first one
discussed was bulk transport which included endocytosis (into the cell) and exocytosis
(out of the cell). Endocytosis can be further subdivided into phagocytosis (
There were multiple things discussed today during lecture. The first of these was the
concept of blood osmolality and how it is regulated via a negative feedback loop.
Additionally, active transport (primary and secondary) were discussed with emp