ASTRONOMY TEST 14
0 / 2 pts
the ninth planet from the Sun.
a Kuiper belt object (TNO).
really one of Neptunes moons.
made entirely of gas and ice.
2 / 2 pts
The asteroid belt
is between Jupiter an
GEOLOGY TERMS 3
pahoehoe - A basaltic lava flow with a glassy, smooth, and
undulating, or ropy, surface.
paleocene, palaeocene epoch - An epoch from 65.5 to 54.8 million
years ago with three Ages: Danian, Selandian, and Thanetian.
paleoclimate - The avera
radial drainage - A system of
streams running in a radial
pattern away from the center of a
circular elevation, such as a
volcano or dome.
radiative transfer - One
mechanism for the movement of
heat, in which it takes the form of
vadose zone - The region in the
ground between the surface and
the water table in which pores
are not filled with water. Also
called the unsaturated zone.
valence electron - An electron
of the outermost shell of an
atom; one of those most
GEOLOGY TERMS 2
backwash - The return flow of water
down a beach after a wave has
banded iron formation - Rock
consisting of alternating light and
dark layers of iron-rich chert
(hematite and limonite) formed
approximately 3,800 million years
GEOLOGY TERMS 1
age - A unit of geological time shorter than an
epoch, usually lasting several million years.
algal mat - A layered communal growth of algae
observed in fossils and in present day tidal zones
associated with carbonate sedimentation.
ASTRONOMY TERMS 5
Altitude The angular distance
between the direction to an object and
the horizon. Altitude ranges from 0
degrees for an object on the horizon
to 90 degrees for an object directly
Amino Acid A carbon-based molecule
from which pro
ASTRONOMY TERMS 4
The line on the Moon or a planet that
divides the bright, sunlit part from the
part in shadow. Its usually the most
exciting and detailed region of the
Moon to view through a telescope.
When Mercury or Venus crosses th
ASTRONOMY TERMS 2
Field of View
The circle of sky that you see when you look
through a telescope or binoculars. Generally, the
lower the magnification, the wider the field of view.
A small telescope used to aim your main scope at
an object in
Astronomy Study guide
1. From chapter 2, The Rise of Astronomy,
I. Know the contributions of the following individuals to the study of astronomy:
Medels and Science
* The celestial sphere -u-~-~.w-.
is a medal, which
* Medals preside a
means te enhance
enr understanding "'I-_I,h_llw
The Celestial Sphere
- Vast distances tc stars
prevent us frcrn
sensing their true 3-D
- Naked eye chscrvaticns
treat all stars at the
same distance, en a
giant cefesaiei!r sphere
with the Earth at its
A galaxy has a recession velocity of 10,000 km/sec. If the
Hubble constant is 65 km/sec. per megaparsec, roughly how far
away is the galaxy?
It is expected t
ASTRONOMY HOMEWORK PT2 A
Why is the regolith light-colored in the highlands, while darker in
The highland regions receive more sunlight than the maria.
@The regolith in the maria has a different mineral composition.
HOMEWORK PT 1A
The spring tides occur in spring seasons
and the neap tides in autumn.
he majority of lunar craters formed when
lunar volcanoes erupted
@solid bodies such as asteroids impacted
the Moon's surface
ASTRONOMY CLASSROOM POP QUIZ
Solar tides are not as strong as lunar tides mostly because the
Sun is much farther away than the Moon.
The Sun causes tides on the Earth in addition to the Moon.
How is the Moons
1 Edwin Hubble was the first to classify galaxies in three main
types: spirals, ellipticals and irregulars.
Hubble's law is not applicable to _ because the
motion of these galaxies is affec
PART2A* Quiz 16: Light and Atoms
CORRECT ANSWERS ARE AS: @
The lower the frequency of the electromagnetic wave, the shorter
2. What is light?
Light is radiant energy in the form of a wave of electromagnetic
ASTRONOMY EXAM 9B
Which of the following people did NOT accept a
heliocentric model for the universe? a. Kepler
d. Galileo e. Newton
The book "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium"
a. describes how Galileo's observations and
ASTRONOMY QUIZ 4B
the correct answer for each question is indicated by a
the celestial sphere?
An observatory dome.
The imaginary sphere of the sky, on which stars lie.
BLACK HOLES ASTRONOMY TEST
ASTRONOMY EXAM 3
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation is.
energy emitted by black holes at the centers of the nearby
radiation from pulsars.
light from distant stars.
* ladiation from the birth of the Universe.
light from gravitati
Physics: Fuel Cells
1 As long as fuel is supplied, fuel cells dont run down, but
batteries die when the electron- producing
chemicals are consumed.
2 The answer is a. H2.
Physics, Biology, Earth Science: The Effect of
Temperature on Reaction Rate
The charges in sodium chloride are balanced, but they are not neutralized. As a
water molecule gets close to the sodium chloride, it can distinguish the various
ions, and it is, thus, attracted to an individual ion by iondipole forces. This works
Are the various branches of science separate or do they overlap?
Give several examples to support your answer.
The various branches of science overlap as we see by the
existence of these hybrid fields: astrobiology;
biochemistry; biophysics; ecology (biol
1. 1 Your speed is zero at the top of your jump.
2. 2 Length of legs and strength of leg muscles.
Answers to Exercises
1. A bowling ball rolling along a lane gradually slows as it rolls. How would
Aristotle interpret this observation? How would Galileo in