Less than a century ago, if a consumer looked at the tag of any given item the phrase
Made in America would most likely be imprinted. In present day United States it is often quite
rare to see the word America, with more common choices being China, Japan,
Political, Economic and Environmental Risk Assessment
a. Managing Risk in an Unstable World
1. Basing global investment decisions on economic data without
understanding the politics is misleading.
2. Political risk-the impact of politics on markets. Is
a. Volume- 1990- volume of international trade surpassed 4 trillion, 2001- 7.6
trillion (1/4 everything produced in world was exported), today-$11.3 trillion.
Quadruple exports from 31 years ago. US lead world trade between 2002 and
I. Maritime Europe and Maghreb
A. Ecommerce Stages
Free Trade Agreement- free movement of goods and services.
Custom Union- free movement of goods and services, and one
common trade policy with rest of world. Equals out the countries of
I. The Arc of Geostrategic Instability: The Middle East
A. The Middle East: The land of political conflict
Instability in the middle east
B. Future- economic issues and the context of globalization, political issues, subregional conflicts and terrori
I. The East Geostrategic Realm- China
A. Field of geopolitics- govt makes decisions, allows to analyze and understand how
to deal with politics. Politics today progressed from history of area. Each region
has a super power that unites/seperates,
I. Understanding the European Union
B. EU: The governing institutions- the European Commission, council of the
European Union, parliament, and European court of justice.
C. European commission- heard of the European policy making, acts as a guardian to
Geopolitics-Nature of geography and its impact upon other environmental-
specific variables, e.g., local politics and culture.
Evolved over time along three variables: political science, geography and
Chapter 3- Geopolitical Structure and Theory
Geopolitics structures- is the study of how geographical features and patterns interact
with political processes to create a constantly evolving political landscape.
Composed of patterns (shape, size,
I. Geopolitics of North and Middle America
A. 5 world power centers that continue to evolve as their demographic, economic
and political structures continue to change: US, EU, China, Russia and Japan.
B. The United States
The only maritime sector tha
Bottom of the Pyramid.
a. Questions to consider
a.1. Why arent multinational firms tapping into the fortune at the bottom
of the pyramid?
a.1.1. Low income markets present a prodigious opportunity to
the worlds wealthiest companies- to seek their fortu
a. The United Nations
a.1. International organization of 192 member nations dedicated to
promoting peace. Created many international entities around the world
(International Trade Center of the U.N; the International Civil A