Definitions of mean, median, standard deviation
Mean: numeric standard of a data set
Median: halfway mark in a data set
Standard deviation: measures how tightly clustered a group of scores is around the mean
Parts of the neuron and nature
Goals of psychology
o To describe behavior
o To explain behavior
o To predict behavior
o To control or change behavior
Modern psychological perspectives
Treatments for Depressive
& Bipolar Disorders
Treatments for Unipolar Depression
Around half of persons with unipolar depression
(major depressive or dysthymic disorder) receive
treatment from a mental health professional ea
Chapter 2: Research in Abnormal Psychology
1. Research in Ab. Psy
a. Always systematic- something that can be scientifically shown
b. You have to rely on correlation and true expiraments
c. Treatments are experiements- these can take a long time of course
1. Elusive Nature of Ab.
a. Sometimes this can mean that a person may not always have a disease
but a problem living
a. We want to change maladaptive behavior into more adaptive behavior
b. You need someone to direct the healing/ therapy (th
Substance-Related and Addictive Disorder
all involve either a lack of or too much of a certain behavior
statistics with alcohol
o males are more heavily dependent than females
o 15 million are dependent
o most adults are light drinkers or abstainers
Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders
o preoccupation with health or appearance
o involves physical symptoms with no physiological basis
o symptoms are not under voluntary or conscious control
Type of Disord
Mid-term study guide
Legal Issues in Abnormal Psychology
The Biological Perspective in Abnormal Psychology
Models of Abnormal Behavior
a. One-Dimensional Models
attributing entirety of psychopathology to one viewpoint
o does not take in
Dissociative and Somatoform Disorder Study Guide
1. Understand difference between factitious disorder and malingering
factitious disorder: when a person deliberately fabricates or induces physical or mental
symptoms with no apparent reasoning other than
Brief History to Abnormal Psychology
1. Prehistoric theories of mental illness.
o drilling hole into the skulls
o done to let the bad spirits out of their head and help with abnormal behavior
2. Hippocrates and his three categories of mental
anxiety is natural
o it helps us survive
anxiety is anticipatory, fear of what could happen in the future
fear is felt when an event is actually occurring
o how we deal with anxiety is what makes it a disorder
Psychological Models of Abnormal Behavior
o all supporters of this model agree that abnormal behaviors originate somewhere
within their psychopathology
o Sigmund Freud
focused on need and immediate gratification
disturbances in emotions that cause discomfort and/or hinder a persons ability to
similarities between anxiety and depression
o general sense of distress
o high degree of comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders
o common ge
Anxiety Disorders Part 2
Reactions to Stress
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
o the stress response system defends, then fatigues
phase 1: stressor occurs, alarm reaction, low resistance
phase 2: cope with stressor, high resistance
phase 3: exhaustio
in times and cultures where food is scarce, eating disorders were rare and
it was popular to be heavy
in times and cultures where food is abundant, eating disorders were more
common and it was popular to be t
Physiological Models of Abnormal Behavior
o attributing entirety of psychopathology to one viewpoint
ex: only looking at biological basis and not sociological or physiological
o dimensions inc
Assessment in Abnormal Psychology
o internal consistency
o predictive: predicting course of disease, patterns of illness etc.
o construct: validity of test criteria
o content: items reflect criteria we want
Legal and Ethical Topics
o pleading not guilty because they committed the crime and were mentally
disturbed at the time
o speculative because it is based on their mental state at the time of the event
o used in 1% of felony cases
o has a
Psych of Oppression
Spring 2017 Midterm Exam
Which of the following is NOT one of the antecedents of oppression?
Antecedents of oppression: 3 Ps - Power, profit, pleasure
Which of the following represents an essentialist view of homosexuality?
Bias Isn't Just a Police Problem, It's a Preschool Problem
Implicit Bias - subtle, often subconscious stereotypes that guide our expectations and
interactions with people
natural process by which we take information, and we judge people on the basis of
What is sleep? Is it the thing we do when we are supposed to be paying attention in class?
Or is it what we think of when we hear someone snoring? At least that is how I see it. Scientists,
however, describe sleep as altered state of consciousness which c
Cognitive ability is
a. the capacity to reason, remember, understand, solve problems, and make decisions.
b. synonymous with the term intelligence.
c. defined the same in all cultures.
d. a concept that is easily measured and tested.
The definition of consciousness would contain all of the following except
a. an awareness of internal mental activity.
b. the function and structure of cognition.
c. mental processes of which people are unaware.
d. an awareness of external stimuli.
Psych 312 Key Questions 3
1. Historically, what was thought to cause psych disorders?
The devil was originally thought to cause psychological disorders.
2. By the 1800s, more humane practices became common. Define the medical model and
its influence on ps
Psych 312 Key Questions 4
How many suicides are committed in a year?
There are around 30,000 suicides reported in the US each year.
Which gender is more likely to commit a fatal suicide? Why?
Males are more likely to succeed in a suicide attempt, as they
Psych 312 Key Questions 5
What is psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy are treatments that use psychological rather than biological means to
Explain, in depth, psychoanalytic therapy.
It is the second most common therapy, the use of