Why were the states considered in this chapter so reluctant to grant
political freedoms? Is it possible to reform a society without granting
basic freedoms such as free speech, free press, freedom of religion,
and the right to vote? Before answering "no,"
1. What sources of geographic knowledge does Columbus draw on his text? How
does he decide among them?
He uses ancient sources such as the Greek geographer, Ptolemy and others
through experiments, eclipses of the moon, demonstrations made f
Chapter 1 2
. AND COLONIZATION,
Christopher Columbus, 0n World Geography
(late ﬁfteenth century)
Christopher Columbus tc. l-ﬁl—lSOo) was born in Genoa. hut nchicvvd
his fame smiling for Spain after several other kingdo
In a letter to King George III (see Bentley page 595), the Chinese
emperor Qianlong gave specific trade instructions to the English
ruler and reminded him to "Tremblingly obey and show no
negligence!" What does this exchange tell you about China's
The discussion prompt for Week 4 asks you to reflect
on the nature of the African slave trade, in general,
and the triangular trade, in particular. Consider the
characteristics of the triangular trade and how it
drove the African slave trade. Were the Eur
In the first document, Henry Morton Stanley (The Congo is as rich as
North America) draws comparisons between the Congo basin and the
Mississippi River Basin. What is Stanleys main argument and what
evidence does he use evidence to support it?
In this weeks discussion assignment, I ask you to reflect on the
Spanish conquest of Mexico in moral and ethical terms. Employ
the primary source documents in the Week 3 Module as well as
relevant material in Bentley's chapter 24, to explain the different
What does "civilization" mean to Sarmiento and what are the main obstacles that
the civilizing mission faced in Argentina?
Civilization to Sarmiento is local government, public libraries, and public schools.
Industrialization made it profitable to turn re
Some benefits of the industrial revolution were inexpensive manufacturing
products, rising standards of living, and population growth. It also brought new
technology that made it more efficient to make products or export and import
goods quicker. The spin