Homer, The Iliad
The first book leads quickly up to the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon. The word mnis ("rage")
in the first verse strongly accentuates thc central theme: the poem then flashes back to the first cause of
Some Important Dates (know those in bold)
c. 2000-1100 B.C.
c. 800-700 B.C.
Greek speakers enter Greece around 2000 B.C. They develop Mycenaean
civilization named af
Important Characters in the Odyssey (not mentioned in the Iliad)
Aegisthus: lover of Clytemnestra; killed by Orestes
Anticleia: mother of Odysseus
Antinous: one of the leaders of the suitors, also one of the worst
The first Gods: Chaos, Gaea, Tartaros, and Eros;
Chaos gave birth to Night and Erebus (Darkness), Day and Ether (high sky).
Three Dynasties of Greek gods:
1. Ouranus (Father Sky) & Mother Earth (called Gaea: = geo as in geology, i.e., the study
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