Wait until research findings are confirmed and consensus reached by reputable health
organizations before making changes
National Institutes of Health (NIH) 10 Questions to
consider when viewing a health-related website
Who runs the site?
Who pays f
1. Name the three primary energy sources for the body. Briefly describe their energy
The three energy supplying nutrients are carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Carbohydrates
digests glucose to fatty acids and glycerol and protein to amino acids.
What is the role of nutrition in relation to the extent of health?
Nutrition plays a role in both our physical and mental health. Which continues to affect
the quality of life in our spiritual, social, emotional and biologic fitness part of the i
4. Explain trans fatty acids and what are the effects of trans fatty acids in your body?
-Trans fats are created by food manufacturers through the process of
Trans fats are actually worse for heart health than saturated fat
1. Describe foo
Exam #2 Study Guide: Wednesday October 16, 2013
Chapters 4, 5, 12
Objectives1. Name and describe the simple and complex carbohydrates. Dif btwn 2
-Simple carbohydrates: monosaccharaides and disaccharides
Three monosaccharaides: glucose, fructo
5. Explain the difference between whole grains, refined grains and enriched grains. What
are the benefits of eating whole grains over refined grains?
Grains: important staple and source of nutrition
Three edible parts: bran, endosperm, germ
An energy-dense source of fuel: 9 calories per gram
Glucagon also stimulates release of fat from fat cells to fuel heart,
liver, and muscle
Is needed for absorption of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, K,
Insulates body to maintain body temperature
1. Describe the principles in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
*Balance Calories to Manage Weight*
Prevent and/or reduce overweight and/or obesity through improved eating and
physical activity behaviors.
Maintain appropriate calorie balance du
1. Discuss the differences between the EAR, AI, RDA, UL, and AMDR.
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR):
Average amount of a nutrient known to meet the needs of 50 percent of
individuals of same age and gender
Starting point for determining the other val
Protein: (can provide energy but are better suited for) growth and maintence of
muscle, tissue and organs. Making hormones, enzymes, and healthy immune system.
And transporting other nutrients.
1. Calculate the calorie content of a food based on the grams
Heart disease begins with a buildup in the arteries
Atherosclerosis: narrowing of arteries due to buildup of plaque (hardened
debris of cholesterol-laden foam cells, platelets, calcium, cellular waste
Thought to begin with injury to lining of
Exam #1 Study Guide
Chapters 1, 2 (lecture, powerpoints and textbook)
Test will consist of multiple choice, True/False, short essay questions
1. Discuss the factors that influence food choice.
Taste is the number one influence even though it sh
Digestion, Absorption & Metabolism
Role in Wellness
Growth, maintenance, and energy needs
depends on the nutrients available
The digestive system, responsible for
processing foods, relies on nutrient intake
for its maintenance
Processes of diges