1. Attendance and Participation: Required. We will use class time for both lecture and discussion. Please come
prepared to participate. Bring to every class meeting the textbook AND printed copies of all the documents I
assign. YOU SHOULD KEE
Pharoh- commanded the wealth, resources and people. Very powerful. The leader of
religious and political life. He commanded the wealth , resources, and people of Egypt.
Heart and Feather- Maat heart- location of the soul. Maats feather was the measure
Society myth- only the primeval sea existed at first. The sea produced heaven and earth,
which were united. Heaven and earth gave birth to Enlil, who separated them and made
possible the creation of other gods.
Babylonian myths- primeval sea, the goddess
Their god- they only believed in one god. They believed that their gods would protect
them and make them prosper if they obeyed his commandments. They could please their
god by living up to high moral standards as well as worshiping him.
Infanticide- Killing of newborns, Greece and rome, Greece the decision to expose a
child was typically the father's, although in Sparta the decision was made by a group of
Spartan Women- Saw being the mothers and wives of victorious warriers as a
Hellenism- reconstructionist movements that revive ancient Greek religious
Hellenistic: the new culture that arose when Alexander over threw the Persian Empire
and began spreading Hellenism, the Greek culture, language, thought, and way of life.
Aristotle refers to Greek philosopher and scientist. Socrates was an old
Greek Athenian theorist who was accredited as one of the creators of
west culture philosophy.
Golden mean- how things are proportioned. This is what people are attracted to is
Mesopotamia- Land between two rivers. Learned to irrigate water- watering land and
draining to prevent the buildup of salt in the soil. The sumerians made the first cities.
-Religion- Practiced polytheism, which meant they believed that many gods ran the
History Midterm Study Guide
Cave Painting Lascaux- Lascaux: the setting of a complex of caves in southwestern
France famous for its Paleolithic cave paintings. The original caves are located near the
village of Montignac, in the department of Dordogne
Tragic Flaw- tragic flaw. the character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist
of a tragedy; hamartia. (hamartia from Greek hamartanein, "to err"), inherent defect or
shortcoming in the hero of a tragedy, who is in other respects a superior be