Physiology Cells Notes
Able to form complex multicellular systems
Problems increasing size
Mass grows faster that SA
Unable to disperse heat
Ways to disperse heat
Increase surface area
lower metabolic rate
Blood Cells Notes
4 hemoglobin chains
2 identical alpha chains
2 identical beta chains
Erythropoitin is mediated through increase in (blank) by tissues
Large Y-shape protein produced by plasma cells that is used by the immune
Exam 1 Study Guide part 1
pathway of RBC production
1. stem cell
3. erythroblast (synthesize hemoglobin)
4. normoblast (shrink nucleus)
_% of RBC is hemoglobin
form of iron in hemoglobin that doesn't release oxygen
Diagnostic Methods Notes
body fluid components
distribution of body fluid/water (60%)
forms of extracellular body fluid/water
interstitial space (15%)
third space (s
Exam 1 Study Guide part 2
types of transport across a membrane that requires chemical specificity
1. protein channel
2. facilitated diffusion
3. primary and secondary active transport
types of transport that use energy
primary and secondary active transpo
What problems does multicellularity create?
Surface area to volume ratio: Surface area increases while total volume
Metabolic complexity of eukaryotes in conduction with large size requires
What kind of digestion occurs in the mouth?
What kind of food will require the most mechanical digestion?
Where are most digestive enzymes made?
Where does most digestion take place?
In the gut
EXAM 2 Study Guide part 2
What is Infarction?
Local death of necrosis resulting from vascular obstruction
Full thickness infarction of heart wall is what type of Infarction?
Inner 1/3 to 1/2 of myocardium infarcted (most sensitive area of
EXAM 2 Study Guide part 1
What percentage of all deaths in the US are caused by Heart Disease?
What is the normal weight of a heart for Women?
What is the normal weight of a heart for Men?
What node must the signal go through to get
Exam 1 Study Guide part 3
transport from axon knob to soma
transport from soma to axon knob
cause of Alzhiemers and Parkinsons
excessive phosphorylation of TAU proteins in microtubules and
microfilaments of neuron - neurofibrillary t