THE HUMAN AS A SUBJECTIVE BEING
What is real? According to relativism, reality is (pragmatically) situational; what is real or valid, is that
which is perceived and conceived by the individual mind under specific personal and contextual conditions at a
HUMANS AS RATIONAL-EMOTIVE BEINGS
A human achieves sensual gratification and psychological satisfaction through relationships
with elements (people, places and things) of ones context in numerous situations. These
relationships are with the living and the
HUMANS AS BEINGS WITH CHARACTER
A persons character includes his/her morality (value-based beliefs about what is good/bad,
right/wrong), ethics (code of prescribed and proscribed conduct based on morality) and personal conduct
(behavior). The degree of co
HUMANS AS INTIMATE AND EMPATHETIC BEINGS
Humans seek psychologically intimate, unifying connections with other people. These
connections help humans meet important psychological wants. Psychologically-intimate
relationships require the presence of empathy
1. The last lecture before exam 3 will occur on Tuesday, March 29.
2. Students with last names beginning with letters A through G will take exam 3 on Thursday, March 31;
may not take exam on Tuesday, April 5.
3. Students with last names beg
Ethics is sometimes referred to as moral philosophy.
Ethics (moral philosophy) is typically conceived as the study of concepts of right/good
and wrong/bad, and the consequential ethical principles used to guide human behavior.
THE HUMAN AS AN ASPIRING AND CAPABLE BEING
Behavior is instrumental. It is executed for the purpose of achieving specific outcomes.
Personal effectiveness is a measure of the degree of success of a persons behavior to produce
desired outcomes (achievement
The Human as an Autonomous Being ) )
People differ in their beliefs about the degree of control they have over their decisionmaking and behavior. Some see themselves mostly as puppets whose movements are controlled by
manipulators (people, places and thin
A HUMAN AS A BEING WITH PERSONALITY: TEMPERAMENT
A human is typically known by his/her personality. Each human has a distinct personality.
Personality is the belief-emotion-behavior patterns exhibited by a person. While personality is
characteristic of th
THE HUMAN AS A SELF-SERVING BEING
Selfishness is often blamed for many of the woes of human relationships, particularly for
humans acting inconsiderately and disrespectfully. It is sometimes asserted that humans are
inherently selfish, caring only for th
THE HUMAN AS A BEING WITH DISTURBED NOTIONS
The Human as a Subjective Being
Each human learns about the world and gives value to it through his/her processing of
experiences. The quality of the processing and its consequential knowledge, perspectives and beliefvalue systems are affected by the pers
The Human as a Fallible Constructor of a Pseudo-reality
In this course, constructivism will be regarded as a reasonable explanation for how humans create knowledge. The
acceptance does not deny the existence of other means, but holds constructivism as the
WELLNESS AS A CONSTRUCT OF HUMAN WELL-BEING
In this course, wellness will be conceived as a construct that offers perspectives on the
nature and etiology of human well-being.
Nature of Well-being
Human well-being can be conceived as a subjective, relative
The Human as a Hedonistic-Emotional Being
A human is a sensual, emotional, intellectual creature, whose life is feelings-centered. Feelings, in
the form of sensual gratifications/displeasures and psychological satisfactions/dissatisfactions, are the