DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TOUR
USING THE PICTURE FILL IN THE PROPER LABEL FOR EACH
NUMBERED STRUCTURE OR PROCESS IN THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
6. Cell (secretes pepsinogen)
7. Cell (secretes HCl)
FIVE FAVORITE QUESTIONS FOR EXAM #3
These five questions from lecture exam #2 will be repeated on lecture exam #3 .
Which of the following would increase resistance to blood flow?
A. decreased viscosity of blood
B. decreased length of blood vessels
LYMPHATIC & IMMUNITY WORKSHEET
What does it mean when we say the immune system has specificity?
List the two main types of lymphocytes and give a brief explanation of how each protects the body
against foreign invaders.
FIVE FAVORITE QUESTIONS FOR EXAM #4
These five questions from lecture exam #3 will be repeated on lecture exam #4 .
Carbon dioxide is carried in blood
as bicarbonate ion.
dissolved in plasma.
bound to hemoglobin.
bound to erythrocyte membra
FIVE FAVORITE QUESTIONS FOR EXAM #2
These five questions from lecture exam #1 will be repeated on lecture exam #2 .
THE ORDER OF CHOICES MAY BE CHANGED FOR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
After a clot forms the fibrin fibers are pulled closer together, makin
Lymphatic & Immune
T lymphocytes (green)
attacking a cancer cell
Lymph = fluid in lymphatic capillaries & vessels
Usually clear, colorless
Lymphatic capillaries have unique one-way structure,
where the ends of endothelial cells overlap and permit
Metabolism = all chemical reactions
in the body
Two Basic Types of Reactions
Anabolic = build large molecules from small unit
Catabolic = breakdown large molecules into small
November 10, 2006
world's first artificial
High-tech box simulates human
digestion it even vomits
"This is an important tool that will
allow us to understand what happens
in the gut," said Dr. Pet
Urinary System Functions
1) Regulate water & electrolyte balance
Na+, Cl-, K+, HPO4-2, HCO32) Regulate blood pH
3) Remove waste from blood
Parts of the Kidney
of the Ki
Sexual Reproduction means that each parent produces
sex cells or gametes that each contain half a set of DNA or
The gametes are produced in the gonads (testes & ovaries)
When the gametes combine they produce a fertilized egg or
Pericardium & Heart Wall
Heart is a pair of
side by side
The two side by side pumps of the heart
beat or pump together (at the same time)
Why is the left ventricle wall so much thicker?
Blood Flow through the Hear
Cardiovascular: Blood Vessels
Blood vessels and astrocytes
Using patients' own skin cells, scientists were able to grow tissueengineered blood vessels in vitro, then implanted them in renal
patients as AV fistulas. An AV fistula used for hemodialysis is a
General Properties of Blood
Volume in adult body
Female = 4 -5 liters
Male = 5 6 liters
pH = 7.35 to 7.45
Temp = 38 oC
Plasma = fluid portion of blood
Formed Elements = cells & cell fragments
Plasma = clear,
Human body can survive without;
Food for several weeks
Water for several days
If you stop breathing
In 4 to 5 minutes you lose consciousness
In 7 to 8 minutes your brain cells start to die
You will die within 10 minut
Robert Wadlow, who developed
acromegaly, or pituitary giantism
Endocrine hormone is a chemical messenger released into the
blood, that acts on cells in a different location
Target Cell = any cell that responds to a