Jazz is like chamber music in that it is generally played by a small group of [musicians].
Improvisation is like a classical concerto cadenza in that solos by various members of the
ensemble are performed.
The jazz medium was influenced by the piano and r
There were many pros and cons surrounding the commissions and government support of the arts
around the twentieth century. There were dramatic changes in how music reached its listeners
through such mediums as recordings, radio, and television. The cons t
Operas and melodrama gained popularity in Europe in the nineteenth century. People of this
time were able to embrace the flamboyance and intimacy, unpredictability, and melancholy,
rapture and longing. These works glorified romantic love and fascination w
The Romantic Movement arose from many different circumstances. In part, romanticism was a
rebellion against the neoclassicism of the eighteenth century and the age of reason. It explored
a universe of feeling that included flamboyance and intimacy, unpred
Concerto grosso was an important form of orchestral music in the late baroque period.
Preceding the sonata allegro form, ritornello form was considered dramatic and rewarding.
Typically, the first and last movements of concerti grossi [were] often in rito
There are many differences between Beethovens symphonies and that of the compositions of
Haydn and Mozart, and chamber music. Each of Beethovens symphonies is unique in
character and style. There is a curious alternation of mood between his odd-numbered
A concerto is a three-movement work for an instrumental soloist and orchestra. It combines the
soloists virtuosity and interpretive abilities with the orchestras wide range of tone color and
Cadenza, Italian for cadence, is a special unaccompani
Theme and variations is a form in which a basic musical idea (the theme) is repeated over and
over and is changed each time in melody, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, or tone color. This form
can be used either as an independent piece or as one movement of a l
Sonata Allegro form, also known as Sonata form, refers to the form of a single movement.
Within a sonata form movement, there are three main sections: the exposition, where the themes
are presented; the development, where themes are treated in new ways; a
During the baroque period, development of the opera, cantata, and the oratorio stood out as
major development[s] in baroque vocal music. When comparing opera and oratorio, there are
a few basic similarities and dissimilarities that exist. Much like an ope
In the Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D Major, the second movement, the affettuoso is slow,
quiet, and in a minor key. Flute, violin, and harpsichord are the solo instruments and they are
accompanied by a cello, which duplicates the bass line of the harpsi
Sonata is a composition in several movements for one to eight instruments.
A harpsichord is a keyboard instrument, widely used from about 1500 to 1775, whose sound is
produced by plectra which pluck its wire strings.
Trio sonatas are called this because t
Camerata is Italian for fellowship or society. It consisted of a small group of nobles, poets, and
composers who began to meet regularly in Florence around 1575.
Monody is a style of accompanied solo song consisting of a vocal line, which is frequently
The Baroque Period of music, (1600-1750), was divided into three phases: early (1600-1640),
1640-1680), and late (1680-1750). During the late period, a form of orchestral music known
as concerto grosso arose. A concerto gross is typically a compo
During the Baroque Period of music, one cornerstone of music that was developed was the
fugue. A fugue is a polyphonic composition based on one main theme, called a subject. The
subject is typically presented in a single, unaccompanied voice. This is the
The music of the Renaissance, (1450-1600), was greatly expanded with the invention of
printing and the increased number of composers and performers. Much like the music of the
Middle Ages, vocal music was more important than instrumental music. Renaissanc
Over the period of 1,000 years, music notation was able to evolve throughout the cultural growth
of the middle ages. From the uncertain rhythm of chant melodies to syncopation, the time frame
spanning from 450-1450, brought tremendous change. Such progres
During the Middle Ages, (450-1450), music was dominated by the influences of the Roman
Catholic Church. Although a variety of musical instruments existed during this time, most
medieval music was vocal as the church frowned on instruments because of their
Harmony is defined as the way chords are created and the manner in which they follow each
Tonic, also known as the keynote, is the central tone of a melody or larger piece of music.
Modulation is the shift from one key to another within the same pi
The foundation of music consists of rhythm which is supported by beat, meter, accent and
syncopation, and tempo. This is depicted by George Gershwins, I Got Rhythm, Dave
Brubecks, Unsquare Dance, and Harold Arlens, Over the Rainbow. Each of these three
Musical sounds can be delivered by any mechanism, such as voice and/or instrument, that
allows it to be produced. When structuring these musical sounds, musical groups develop the
mechanisms of voice and/or instruments in their execution. Such musical gro
Music appreciation is the appreciation for the manner in which musical sounds are structured and
delivered in time. As basic as this concept may seem, it is heavily debated and much more
complex than that. In fact, there are several components that suppor