Second Quarter Exam
1. Cell Signaling*
2. G Proteins*
3. How to activate a protein
a. When ligand binds to receptor, the G protein attached to the receptor changes
shape and GTP binds to the G protein, thus activating it.
4. Cell Signal Transduction
pGLO Transformation Lab
Purpose: The purpose of this experiment was to genetically alter an organism to better
understand genetic transformation and its effects.
Background: Bacteria naturally contain plasmids, which are one or more small circular piece o