Principles of Disease
Study online at quizlet.com/_1bcdip
Bacteria in the blood
Define the terms
mortality rate as
they relate to
Prevalence - percent of cases with
respect to the entire
Study online at quizlet.com/_1byqe8
prokaryotes in terms of
whether the oxygen is
required, what the final
electron acceptors are
for each pathway and
Mechanisms of Pathogenicity
Study online at quizlet.com/_1bdjw1
Can all microbial pathogens
use all five portals of entry?
and endotoxins with respect
to their chemical
composition, their typical
source, their manner of
Study online at quizlet.com/_1bliyp
Could it be possible to
eradicate polio from the
world and if so why?
Yes, because it's only host is
Describe the four distinct
phases of polio.
Acute illness, recovery stage,
stable disability, post-
Study online at quizlet.com/_1bln3t
Do adolescents and adults still
need to be vaccinated against
whooping cough and why?
They can still get
pertussis even if they
were vaccinated as
children, and they can
pass it on to babies v
Study online at quizlet.com/_1c6w0a
Based on its name, how can you tell if
Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram
positive or a Gram negative bacterium,
whether it is a cocci or a bacillus and
how it appears when grown
Study online at quizlet.com/_1blebl
How does the Variola virus
Evades immune system by
If one does not die from
smallpox, what is one of the
major results of the
Study online at quizlet.com/_1byf0d
Histoplasma capsulatum is
a dimorphic fungus, what
does this mean and what
regulates this change?
Has 2 different morphologies;
How can histoplasmosis be
Study online at quizlet.com/_1c6whn
Can a person acquire
toxoplasmosis from an
What type of antibiotics are given to
target folic acid
Can treatment with
MBIO EXAM #3 REVIEW
What is microbial growth?
o Refers to an increase in cell number, not in cell size
What are the two general of requirements for microbial growth?
o Physical and chemical requirements
A bacterium has just encountered a new environment.
MBIO Exam #4
Define the terms sterilization, disinfection, antisepsis, degermation and sanitization.
o Sterilization- the removal/destruction of all microbial life/microorganisms
o Disinfection- the destruction of most microbial life on an object or envir
Why are humans such an enticing host for microbial pathogens?
From the perspective of a microbial pathogen, what is the first step in the progression of an
What are the five potential portals of entry that can be used by microbial pathogens?
Chemical Germicides and Disinfectants
1 in 20 patients will aquire.
Disinfectant- solid surface
Things to consider
o Can it kill a wide variety
o Is it compatible with the surface
o Will it work if in protein rich environment
Sequenced first genome was that of a virus, bacteriophage
Built the first compound mcroscope
Observed mold filaments
Coined the term cell, never observed bacteria or single celled organisms
First to observe single
Influenza vaccines are made via three different methods: egg-based flu vaccines,
cell-based flu vaccines, and recombinant flu vaccines. The most common method is
the egg-based flu vaccine, which is used to make an inactivated vaccine and a live