Biology Exam 2 Study Guide
Prokaryotic Cells (NO NUCLEUS)
i. Bacteria and Archeae
i. No enclosed internal compartments
ii. All have:
1. Plasma membrane
3. Cytoplasm with ribosomes
iii. Plasma Membrane
The Enlightenment and Discoveries
During the Enlightenment many changes were happening. There were
breakthroughs in all sciences, not just medicine. Old ideas and theories were replaced
with more modern ways. New medicines were developed and new treatment
Biology Notes September 8, 2015
in a solution
[ ]s mean concentration
7 = neutral
pH of stomach
Strong acid is neutralized by a weak base
Strong base is neutralized by a weak acid
Final Review Test
What are the phases of Mitosis?
Explain what happens in each phase.
What is Cytokinesis?
What are Actin and Myosin?
What does the Golgi Apparatus do in Plants?
Asexual reproduction does not _.
What decreases in asexual reproduction?
Biology Notes August 31, 2015
Protista Single celled organisms
Plantae plants, autotrophic
Fungi mushrooms, yeast, etc.
Heterotrophs require an energy rich food source synthesis by other organisms
Food digests within cells
Anamalia heterotrophic, food d
Biology Notes September 3, 2015
iii. Creating a hypothesis use generalist and specialist to help answer your
iv. Lab vs. field
1. Field condition correlates to real world
a. Cant control temperature, humidity, predators, food,
H 2 O , moistu
Biology Notes August 27, 2015
Eukaryotes Cells within cells
a. 1st predators
i. Large cells attacking small cells
ii. Some small cells were fixed
b. Cell with a defined nucleus
i. Nucleus stores and houses DNA
c. Organelles specialized
Biology Notes August 26, 2015
Cell theory all living things are made of cells
a. Rudolf Virchow (1858) all cells come from pre-existing cells.
b. Louis Pasteur disproved spontaneous generation
i. 1789 Edward Jenner
c. Small Pox Cow Pox surviva
Biology Notes August 25, 2015
a. Fossils remains of organisms that lived and died while soil sediments
b. Rocks - Scattered with the same fossils = same age
c. Aging Process
i. Carbon and Phosphorus
1. Rate of deca
Exam 3 Study Guide
Introduction to Photosynthesis
a. Photosynthesis the conversion of light energy into chemical energy
b. 3 requirements to occur
H 2 O soil roots leaves
d. CO2 atmosphere stomates (holes in leaves) leaves
Exam 1 Study Guide
a. Age 4.5 5 billion years
b. How do we know this?
i. Fossils Remains of organisms that lived and died while soil sediments
1. oldest is approx. 3.8 billion years old