o People act toward things on the basis of the meaning of things have for them
o The meaning of things arises out of the social interaction one has with others
o These meanings are handled in and modif
Abnormal Psychology Test 1 Study Guide
Abnormal Psychology: the scientific study of problematic feelings, thoughts, and behaviors associated with
A mental disorder is a group of emotional (feelings), cognitive (thinking), or beha
1. Kurt was drinking heavily and it was causing strain both at work and with his family.
EMPATHY: Kurt relied on drinking to deal with his everyday struggles.
GENUINE: There are better ways to cope, and finding an outlet other t
CH 15 notes Psych
Normal vs Abnormal
-maladaptive behavior (to ones self, and to society)
-in sum, abnormal behavior is unusual maladaptive, distressing to self and or concerning to
PSYC CH 14 NOTES
HEALTH & STRESS
Life is full of stressors, specific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or
threaten the persons well being
Stress the physical and psychological response to internal or external stressors
Blood injection injury phobia!
Stronger biological component
Phobias are learned
Vasovagal syncope- biological reactivity passed from one generation
o Very strong in women
o Instead of raise in blood pressure its a lower rate in h
Test 1 review
Psychological disorder- some psychological dysfunction associated with
distress or impairment in functioning that is not a typical or culturally
Psychopathology- scientific study of psychological disord
Chapter 3 Major Concepts review sheet
The following is a detailed guide to help in your preparation for the Unit 1exam over the material in chapter 3 and the
corresponding lecture. There will be roughly 20-25 multiple choice, matching, and short answer qu
What is Aggression?
behavior intended to injure another person (by
causing either physical or psychological pain)
who does not want to be injured
accidentally hitting someone?
being a pushy salesperson?
bighting someone on the ea
Stereotyping and Prejudice
evaluation, often negative, toward an individual or
group of individuals based on their group membership
cognitive component of prejudice
set of beliefs about the pe
Whats an Attitude?
an evaluation about an object
differ in direction and intensity
three, interconnected components
ABCs of attitudes
Where Attitudes Come From
based on properties of object; add up pluses and
The Initial Attraction:
arousal caused by one stimulus is added to
arousal from second stimulus and combined
arousal is attributed to second stimulus
Dutton & Aron (1974)
The Initial Attraction:
what is the self?
how do we come to know ourselves?
a symbol-using social being who can reflect on
his/her own behavior
social being not isolated
symbol-using and self-reflexive essential for
planned, coordinated behavior
In humans, self-recognition develops at around 18-24 months of age, and by adolescence selfconcept becomes much more complex.
There are 4 components of the self:
1) Self-Knowledge our beliefs about who we are and the way in which we