Family Interaction Processes 2300
Interdependent group of individuals who:
Have a shared sense of history
Experience some degree of emotional bonding
Devise Strategies for meeting the needs of individuals and the family as a
Foa's Theory of Economic and Interpersonal Resource Management
People depend on one another for the material and psychological
resources necessary to their well-being, and they exchange these
resources through interpersonal behavior. A resource is defined
1st Order tasks- something all families must do: Identity, Boundary, Maintenance,
2nd order tasks- Adaptation: Despite resistance to change each family system constantly
adapts to maintain itself in response to its members and env
Main focus existence of change over time in a family, what is normal, natural,
Stages - process and development, transitions going from one stage to
another. Period of growth and development.
Main focus rewards/costs of relationships
Social behaviors are exchanges
Maximize rewards/reduce costs
Will accept certain costs
Obligation of reciprocity
In certain situations someone can make an exchange for a reward
Family Systems theory
- On how the system functions as a whole
- Holism not Reductionism- look at everything in order to understand
one thing. Look at humans inside interactions with everything.
Reductionism is looking at the entire thing and b
Rules well established strategies: recurring patterns of interaction that define the limits
of acceptable and appropriate behavior in the family
2 Types of Rules
a. Social Norms
a.i. Beliefs that prescribe or proscribe ways peopl
o Outsiders are better at seeing this
o Help people think about the rules they are setting down what is going to
happen after you make them?
o Ex: what is really going to happen after you make your daughters curfew
Personal Images and Identity
Evolve within the family system consistent with themes.
I am smart, I am lazy what do these mean to YOUR own family.
Influenced by our perception of how others see us and how we compare
ourselves to others
Examples of Identity
What is expected of each family member
The most basic types of roles are father, mother, aunt,
daughter, son, grandmother, etc. What is expected from
people in each of these roles?
But there are also roles beyond this most basic level.
Establishing a congruence of identities and beliefs
Shared views that family members have of one another matches
If Identity within a family is congruent it facilitates interaction.
If congruent, facilitates interaction
No congruence can lead to fixed rol
More submerged, out of sight boundaries
Dictate a lot about the patterns and processes of families
Have to handle all the different tasks and dictate a lot of rules
Boundaries are not static
Defining who is in the familyprovides measure of protection for family
members to transition in and out of family. This relates to maintenance of
an external boundary because this process occurs between the family
system and the outside world.
Tuesday, September, 9th 2014
Three interrelated identity tasks executed
Construct family themes
Socialize family members with respect to biological and social
EX. Gender and sexuality
Establish a satisfactory