PUBH Chapter 3: 09/20/16 lecture
Public Health Date and Communications
Health informatics: methods of collecting, compiling and presenting data
o Case report
o Case series
o Vital stats
Health communications: the ways we distribute and perceive
Chapter 12 Lecture: 09/08
CT has 89 local health departments
Just under 3000 local health departments in U.S.
o Personal autonomy: people in community have choice of how pubh systems
No governmental ensured right to health care
o Providers have a
Chapter 1 Public Health: The Population Health Approach
What is the definition of public health?
Public Health is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and
promoting health through organized community effort.
The substance of publi
PUBH Chapter 1: Public Health: The Population Health Approach
More recent advances in prevention of heart disease is major public health achievement
o Preventive successes include reduction of blood pressure + cholesterol, cig
smoking prevention + cessati
PUBH Chapter 12: Institutions & Systems
Nongovernmental pubh: other components in terms of how they relate to the work of
governmental public health agencies
Goals and services of govt pubh agencies:
o Prevent epidemics and spread of disease
o Protect aga
CHAPTER 4: SOCIAL BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
What is meant by social determinants of health?
Social aspects of ones life that affect health and quality of life
PUBH Chapter 2: Evidence-Based PUBH
5 basic questions needed to be asked that make up evidence based health approach
(P.E.R.I.E. process), circular process
o Problem: What is the health problem?
o Etiology: What is/are the contributory cause(s)?
CHAPTER 5: HEALTH LAW, POLICY, ETHICS
What differentiates utilitarian, liberal and communitarian approaches to policy
Utilitarian: action should achieve greatest benefit for greatest amount of ppl
Bentham: what Is the consequence of the actions
o Genomic DNA in nucleus (nuclear DNA)
o Mitochondrion have their own DNA
DNA is linear series of a bunch of nucleotides (ATGC)
Haploid genome is 3 billion base pairs long
Human genome: 23 chromosome pairs
o 22 auto
Unit 2 Describing
health and illness
DATA SOURCES AND MEASURES
What is Public Health?
What we as a society do
collectively to assure the
conditions in which people
can be healthy.
Institute of Medicine, 1988
The study of the distribution and
Pre-Test Chapter 2 ed17
1. "Under central planning, some group has to decide how to get the necessary inputs produced in the right amounts and delivered to the right places at the right time. This is a nearly impossible task without markets and profits."
Design and Statistical Topics of Descriptive
Calculating Crude Rates
Crude Birth Rate
o # of LIVE BIRTHS during time period / Total population at midpoint of time period x 100,000
o 2009 Crude U.S. Birth Rate
4,131,019 births/299,349,203 PA
What is Health?
The absence of illness & presence of well-being
6 Dimensions of Health
Human body functions properly (activities of daily living)
Thinking clearly reasoning objectively and acting
A type of epidemiologic study that tests one or more predetermined
hypotheses about associations between exposure and outcome variables.
These studies make use of a comparison group.
The amount of absolute risk of a he
Studied occupational diseases
Found intervention to prevent scurvy
PUBH 3001 Introduction to Public Health
A study was undertaken to evaluate the exposure of smoking among 200 patients with coronary heart
disease and 400 persons treate
1. The U.S. Supreme court case, Jacobson vs Massachusetts (1905), determined that.
A. health care providers cannot restrict services to persons unable to pay for their
B. police powers of the state include the right to require vaccinations and
1. Which of the following is an example of the public health approach to disease
A. providing medication to persons diagnosed with high blood pressure
B. training physicians to deliver babies
C. vaccinating young children for measles.
2. A genuin
1. The U.S. Supreme court case, Jacobson vs Massachusetts (1905), determined .
This interpretation allows for an array of federal, state and local public
health activities that are considered necessary to assuring
Upheld the auth
PUBH 1001 Introduction to Public Health
EXAM #2, December 3, 2013
Next Tuesdays exam will consist of 50 multiple-choice questions. For every question, there is one BEST answer (i.e.,
more than one answer mi