Responsive vs. Descriptive Representation
Both descriptive and responsive representation play huge roles in politics in both
the twentieth and the twenty-first centuries. Without responsive representation, women
may still be unable to vote or even get an
What Do We Study When We Study Congress?
One of the most critical issues when we study Congress is the study of representation. When the
Framers created the national government and separated the roles into three branches, the main
The Institutionalization of Congress
What Is Institutionalization?
Institutionalization is a process by which organizations develop through the creation of clear
boundaries, organizational complexity, and standard operating procedures (Polsby 1964). All
Elections and Neo-institutionalism
As with so much of Congress, the way we elect MCs creates incentives and disincentives for
certain types of behavior. Potential changes in those procedures can influence the type and
quality of re