LIVING WITH KIN:
KINSHIP, MARRIAGE, AND FAMILY
1) Living With Kin
2) Descent and Descent Groups
2a) Did the Iroquis Know Who their
2b) Descent groups as Corporations of
2c) Unilineal Descent: Matrilineal vs.
LAING, PHILLIPSON AND LEE
Levels of perspective
Direct Perspective: As view of X
Meta Perspective: As view of Bs view of X
Meta Meta Perspective: As view of Bs view of As view of X
Of course, Person B also has a Direct, Meta, and
Language means by which we define ourselves, others, and all phenomena in our
world through written or spoken symbols.
4 QUALITIES OF LANGUAGE
1. Arbitrary the word is not the thing
2. Ambiguous meanings are cul
SPEECH ACT THEORY
3 Language processes
Semantics - link between signs and referents. (Whorfian Hypothesis)
Syntactics - rules governing how utterances are constructed as per
Pragmatics - how cx situation and intent might lead to p
PERCEPTION AND COMMUNICATION
Perception the unique way we order and interpret stimuli to create reality.
Blank Slate Theory
Selection choosing stimuli to notice
What leads us to choose certain stimuli and ignore others?
HISTORY OF DISCIPLINE
To understand where we are, we must understand where weve come from.
Greece: 450 BC
Attention turns to rhetoric. Why?
Rhetoric means to move
Emphasis is One to Many
Aristotle: The Rhetoric
WHAT IS COMMUNICATION?
Communication the transactional process of creating and sustaining social order
through symbolic action.
Cx is transactional
Linear Transmission Model
One Way I do cx to you
Two way Sender/Receiver
PRAGMATICS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION
System a set of objects together with the relationships between the objects
and their attributes
Systems are either
CHARACTERISTICE OF A SYSTEM
WHAT IS THEORY?
There is nothing as practical as a
Theory an abstraction of the social
world that helps us understand or
Effects social change
Approaches to theory building
THREE COMMUNICATION CODES
Verbal: spoken and written words
Paralanguage: vocal but non-verbal behavior
Non-verbal: non-linguistic communication
65-93% of meaning attributed to NV CX
CHARACTERISTICS OF NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
NV CX is Ambi