Achilles tendon: a powerful tendon shared by the gastrocnemius and soleus
Abduction: movement away from the body's midline
Abductor: a muscle which causes a limb to move away from the body
Adduction: movement toward the b
Terms, Skeleton and Bone
TERMS, BONE TISSUE
bone parts (long bone)
epiphysis (head of long bone)
cells in bone
central canal (of osteon)
Vertebral column, ribs, & bony pelvis: Reading and Objectives
"Vertebral Column and Thoracic Cage" p 166-175.
"Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb" p 188-192.
1. What are the functions of the vertebral column?
2. Learn the 5 vertebral
Bone Tissue: Reading and Objectives
"General Features of Bones" through "Bone Marrow" p 132-137.
If you are interested in bone development, read the next few pages. Otherwise, skip on to
"Bone Widening and Thickening" through "Osteoporosis" p 142-
Skin, Objectives and Readings
Chapter 5 "Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue" through "Hypodermis" p 108-113 , "Hair" p
115-117, "Cutaneous Glands" through "Sebaceous Glands", Table 5.3 and "Before you
go on", p 119-121 , "Skin Disorders" p 146-149.
Skin, Objectives and Readings
Chapter 5 "Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue" through "Hypodermis" p 129-136 , "Hair" p
137-139, "Cutaneous Glands" through "Sebaceous Glands", Table 5.3 and "Before you
go on", p 141-143 , "Skin Disorders" p 146-149.
in early vertebrate
Parts of gastrointestinal tract
Gastrointestinal tract + esophagus
esophagus cut off
Reproductive System Part 1
Bony pelvis (pelvic girdle)
right hip bone
Pelvis (technically called bony pelvis or pelvic girdle) consists of left and right hip
bones plus sacrum. There are openings and cutouts in hip bones t
Blood pumped out of left ventricle goes from aorta into several large arteries to get
to head, arms, abdomen, and legs. Picture shows some of the major arteries.
Branches off big arteries are smaller artery size continues to diminish until r
diaphysis (shaft of bone)
A typical bone has 2 distinct regions of bone: compact bone, and spongy bone.
Inside is a marrow cavity most import
Main Objectives: Understanding Blood
-Understand blood as a fluid, its contribution to the circulation,
its pH, and its role in transport of messengers and cells.
-Know the main blood proteins and their roles.
-Know the main blood cells, platelets and the
You have no conscious or voluntary control over ANS (autonomic nervous
system). Sometimes you are aware of its effects, usually in a stressful situation
(fear can cause your heart to pound and your palms to be sweaty, thanks to
the ANS; heat makes you s
Overview of the Lymphatic System
What it is.
What it does.
How it works.
1) Circulation and fluid balance, removal of wastes.
2) Lipid absorption.
Fig. 22.1(TE Art)
Vertebral column, ribs, and bony pelvis
Functions of vertebral column
Structural key part of body scaffold
Flexibility allows some limited movement of trunk
Protects spinal cord
Vertebral column column
Kidneys and bladder
The urinary system consists of the kidneys and bladder, and the tubes that carry
Kidneys are located in the abdominal cavity.
Kidneys most cr