1 - Psychology's History and Approaches
Our brain is the most complex physical object known to us in the entire universe.
Psychology seeks to answer questions about how and why we think, feel, and act
as we do.
Buddha, Confucius, and He
Social behavior that decreases the individuals chance of reproductive success while improving the
chances for others of its species.
A coordinated response to stimuli that involves motor, neural, and
Acidic precipitation; rain or snow with high levels of sulfur and nitrogen oxides.
[Gk. bios, life, + geographein, to describe Earths surface] One of many vast expanses of
land where one can expect t
ammonification Part of the nitrogen cycle; soil fungi and bacteria decompose nitrogen-containing
compounds, the result being ammonia and ammonium ions that plant roots can absorb.
[Gk. auto, self, and trophos, feeder] An o
Biogeographical pattern; larger islands support more species than smaller ones at
equivalent distances from sources of colonizer species.
Body coloration, patterning, form, or behavior
Of a population, the number of individuals in each age category.
The maximum rate of increase per individual for any population that is growing under ideal
Premature expulsion of embryo or fetus from the uterus; called miscarriage when
spontaneous rather than induced.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome. A set of chronic disorders that develops afte
Programmed cell death. A cell is induced to commit suicide as part of growth, development, and
maintenance of a multicelled body.
Any reproductive mode by which of
Outcome of control over solute concentrations; extracellular fluid is neither too acidic
nor too basic (alkaline).
Adrenal cortex hormone; acts in kidneys to promote sodium retention.
Of pigments, interception of photon energy. Of cells, uptake of water and solutes from the
surroundings. Of digestion, uptake of water and solutes into the internal environment.
Type of co
alveolus, alveoli At the endings of respiratory bronchioles, one of great numbers of thin-walled, cupshaped
outpouching where air in the lungs exchange gases with blood.
Finely branched airway that is part of the bronchi