Benedict Spinoza, Moses Mendelssohn, and Hermann Cohen are all considered
founding fathers of modern Jewish philosophy. Each explores the relationship of
Judaism to universal religion, i.e. religion grounded in nature and/or reason.
1. At the center of Franz Rosenzweig's philosophy in
the Star of Redemption, and at the center of the historicalspiritual continuum he constructs (creation-revelationredemption), is the role of revela