medium - any material on or in which experimental cell cultures grow;
generally, these materials consist of a variety of nutrients or other compounds
which yield desired results in the culture
meiosis I - first stage in the cell life cycle of gametes in
external respiration the bodily process of inhalation and
exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and
releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation.
ficks laws a set of laws that describe diffusion and define the
repolarization a change in membrane potential in the negative
direction, making the cell interior more negative and returning it to the
resting membrane potential salutatory
conduction - rapid, efficient propagation of action potentials due to
diseases are the result of failures or alterations in signal transduction. Any
component of a signaling pathway can be affected. Biomedical engineers can
use the knowledge of receptor-ligand interactions in the design of new
therapeutics, diagnostic meth
equilibrium association constant (Ka) the ratio of the
concentration of the bound receptor [RL] to the concentrations
unbound receptor [R] and ligand [L]; the inverse of the equilibrium
dissociation constant; the higher the Ka, the tighter the binding
feedback control a control system that is setup to monitor itself
and change the output conditions accordingly to regulate the system.
fibroblast cells a type of cell found in connective tissue with the
ability to secrete proteins and collagen.
biopsy - a medical procedure involving the removal of cells or
tissues from a patient for examination,
blood transfusion the transfer of blood from one individual to
another individual with a compatible blood type.
catheters a hollow tube that is inserte
pluripotent - property of a stem cell to develop into
more than one type of differentiated cell primary active
transport movement of molecules across a biological
membrane that is driven by a chemical reaction, usually the
hydrolysis of ATP secondary act
MHC class I molecules receptors which present peptides
generated in the cytosol to CD8 T cytoxic cells
MHC class II molecules receptors which present peptides
degraded in intracellular vesicles to CD4 T helper cells.
monomer a protein consisting of one p
Engineering analysis requires definition of the system under
study, which is accomplished by identifying system
Systems at steady state do not change appreciably with time.
Internal respiration is the process by which cells obtain energy by