Chapter 14- April 10th
Personality: distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behaviors, thoughts, motives, emotions
that characterizes a person throughout life.
Trait: a characteristic of an individual describing a habitual way of behaving, thinking a
(Intelligence) Heritability: Percent of variance of a certain characteristic that is accounted
for by genetic differences among people in a population
-refers to population (NOT the individual)
Humanists: These personality theories emphasize the unique ch
Psychology 101 Alternative Assignment
Observational psychology is defined as subjects who go about their usual
activities while being observed. Observation occurs by filtering sensory
information through the thought process. It
Name some psychological
How many mental disorders are listed in the
Psychological Disorders are common
25% of Americans have a dx. mental disorder
Scientic study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
are inuenced by the (actual, imagined, or implied) presence of
Social Psychology vs. Sociology
Sociology focuses more on behavior of people in the
Psychology 105-Understanding Human Behavior
Instructor: Laura M. Juliano, Ph.D.
Office hours: Monday and Thursday 1:00pm-3pm and by appointment
Teaching assistant: Tine Muench
Location: Asbury 137
Treatment of Mental Illness
What is psychotherapy?
is a range of techniques
that use dialogue and communication
designed to improve the mental health of a
client, or to improve group relationships.
Spoken conversation, written word, art
The study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities
Physical and Motor!
Spans conception to
Original focus was on
infants, but now
do we have psychological tests?
theories assume that
individual differences exist and can be
psychological test is a standardized
measure of a sample of a persons
Scientific American Frontiers
Snuffing the Sniffles
Steps in research
Publish the findings
What is a hypothesis?
Psychologists do not have a shared set of beliefs
Share a common method
Schools of thought transcend all different
specializations in psychology
has 7 major perspectives
(schools of th
Scientific American Frontiers
Water, water everywhere
What are essential attitudes of
scientists (or detectives?)
Never really sure of anything
Unbiased, be objective about data even when
it does not fit expecta
Learning: Classical conditioning
What is learning?
in behavior that
neutral stimulus (CS)
responding due to its
association with a
stimulus that already
"Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to
mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on
the effects of their own actions to inform them what
to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned
observationally through modeling: from observing
PS101 Midterm 2 Study Guide
This is not an all-inclusive list, but should help to guide your studying
Chronological age vs. mental age
Aptitude test vs. achievement test
Intelligence tests- Stanford-Binet and WAIS
GRAB BAG CLUES
(Grab Bag 10pts) The capacity to learn is assessed Aptitude tests
using these types of tests.
(Grab Bag 20pts) A _ test measures what Valid
it is supposed to measure.
(Grab Bag 30 pts) The GRE or SAT is an example A
Psychology notes: March 2, 2012
-Acculturation: The process by which members of a group come to identify and feel as
part of another culture.
-Incoming members of a different culture:
-Migrants: planned to move so they are ready.
-Refugees: Not ready, for
March 23, 2012 Notes for Psychology
Cultural Display Rules:
-Neutralize: No expression, the might be feeling an emotion but they are not showing it; they
are neutralizing their emotions. (Dont show expression on Metro & Military)
-Amplify: exaggerate the
Chapter 12 Notes
1. Definition of motivation and types of motivation
2. Motivation in theses areas
a. Food and Weight.
b. Love and attraction.
c. Achievement (types of goals).
-Process within a person or animal
-Causes movement eit
Chapter 12 Notes:
Psychology of Love
Ingredients of Love
Intimacy: Based on deep knowledge of the other person, which accumulates gradually.
Passion: Based on emotion, which is generated by novelty and change.
Gender, culture and love
Chapter 10: Memory
Reconstructing the Past
-Memory: the capacity to retain and retrieve information, and also to the structures that
account for this capacity.
-The Case Study of H.M: could no longer remember new experiences after had brain
surgery to tre
Research Credit 3
Processing Speed mediates the development of general intelligence in adolescence
The study examined whether processing speed mediates the development of general
intelligence in adolescence. Using the armed services vocational aptitude ba
Research Credit # 2
Under-controlled temperament at age 3 predicts disordered gambling at age 32
The study conducted evaluated three year olds born between April 1st 1972 through
March 31 1973 in New Zealand and their temperament. 1,037 individuals (52% m
Dr. Enchautegui de Jesus
Essay Applying a Psychology Concept to a Media Piece
Bipolar disorder was one of the more significant topics we covered this semester while
studying different mood disorders. I found interest i