Chapter 13: The influence of modern art
Political and Social Setting: WW1, and influenza pandemic.
1913 Armory Show, NYC begins to push envelope.
Cubism: 1907-1925 Introduced first design concept independent of nature, beginning new artistic
Cubo-Futerism: Style of painting and sculpture that combind common traits of cubism with
futurism, practiced by Russian Futurists.
- Early 1900s Russia
-Developed by Kazimir Malevich
Kasimir Malevich: 1878-1935 Painter Writer and Teacher
Walter Gropius: Architect and Founder of the bauhaus school.
Johannes Itten (18881967):
Bauhaus, The Weimar Years 1919-1924- Walter Gropius became director in 1914 and
reorganized the school in 1919.
- Influenced by Behrens(initially art neuvau
Lester Beall (1903-1969) American: Influenced by Tschicholds die neue typographie and
- Designes combined flat planes of color with elementary signs and photography.
- Created visually strong and direct posters for the Rural Electrificati
Emil Ruder: Joined Faculty of Basel School of Design as a Typogrphray instructor
Josef Muller Brockmann:
1) During the 1950s, a design movement emerged inSwitzerland andGermany that has been
called Swiss design or, more appropriately, the _. T