The Trouble Maker: Martin Luther
Luther troubled by sale of indulgences and church abuses
Friar Tetzel - selling indulgences in Wittenberg in 1517
95 theses - posted on the door of the castle church in Wittenberg on October 31, 1517
Listed Luthers complai
Political Climate: Holy Roman Empire
Charles V - Young, insecure and attempting to govern huge area
Faced attacks from outside - France and Turks
Circumstances favor Luther
Holy Roman Empire
Stop and Summarize!
Take a minute to summarize the
Patrons of arts and architecture, Built St. Peter's Basilica
Renaissance popes concerned with Italian politics ->Leaders of Papal States, Julius
If the truth be confessed, the luxury and pomp of our courts is too great - Pope Pius
How to read Maps and Graphs
What is the map showing?
Maps are representations of features on the earths surface that historians use to show
the location of historical events, how geography influences history, and to illustrate
Japan was isolated for more than 200 years
What is the overall impact of isolation?
The Northern Renaissance and the Reformation
Essential Question: How are cultures diffused and to what extent can the outcomes of
cultural diffusion be evaluated?
Index of Forbidden books
10,000 books burned in one day in Venice a
England After Henry VIII
Religious turmoil during reign of Edward VI and Mary
Elizabeth I (daughter of Anne Boleyn) inherited throne in 1558
Re-established Anglican church
Important Renaissance People
Michelangelo - St Peters Basilica, Sistine Chapel, David
Leonardo Da Vinci - The Renaissance Man
Raphael - Artist, Petrarch - poet, Boccacio - writer, Castiglione - The Courtier,
Machiavelli - The Prince, Pope Julius II - The
Impact of Exploration
Capitalism, Increased wealth and money supply, Increased trade and merchant activity,
Joint Stock Companies, Many investors together funded exploration, Mercantilism,
Wealth = power, Increase wealth in two ways,
Lived during Elizabethan age
- Queen Elizabeth I was well educated, patron of arts.
Setting the Stage.
The rise of Christian Humanism, an interpretation of christianity inspired by
Renaissance ideals, led to a new questioning of the Catholic Church.
A process in which one cultural trait, material object, idea, or behavior pattern is
spread from one society to another.
Can be intentional or unintentional
Can have both positive and negative consequences
Other times, cultures borrow i