in-migration - the total number of immigrants who arrive in a country in a given time period
internal migration - Permanent movement from one region of a country to another
inter-regional migration - the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly dimin
epidemiologic transition - The shift from high death rates to low death rates in a population as a result of modern medical and sanitary developments. Also called the "mortality revolution"
ethnicity - Growth whose rate becomes ever more rapid in proporti
absolute location - The exact position of an object or place, measured within the spatial coordinates of a grid system.
cartography - Objects that circle another object, another name for it is Centralized Pattern; For example, in an Islamic city, houses a
folk life - the composite culture, both material and non-material, that shapes the lives of folk societies
geographic region - Swedish geographer. He is known for his work on migration, cultural diffusion and time geography.
Torste Hagerstrand - A religio
central place theory - A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for
Theraveda - Traditional and conservative branch of Buddhism focusing on merit accumulation and sharin
time-distance decay - the study of place names of a region, or toponyms
toponymy - An equal exchange of traits or influence between two culture groups oc
refugees - People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.
restrictive population policies - The set of al
toponym - Place names given to certain features on the land such as settlements, terrain features, and streams.
U.S. Census Bureau - Critical to geographers, the explanations for why a spatial pattern occurs
"why of where" - The time when human beings fir
Alfred Weber - Twentieth-century German geographer who created the least cost theory to predict the locational decisions made by industrial operations. (wrote "Theory of the Location of Industries;" explained location of industries in terms of three facto
cultural landscape - the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape.
cultural relativism - the process by which one generation passes culture to the next
cultural transmission - a portion of the earth's surface occupied by populations
awareness space - Locations or places about which an individual has knowledge even without visiting all of them, includes activity space and additional areas newly encountered or about which one acquires information.
carrying capacity - migration of peopl
physiological population density - The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
population concentrations - The rapid growth of the world's human population during the past century, attended by ever-shorter
isogloss - A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Judaism - A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
language - group o
core-periphery - A model that describes how economic, political, and/or cultural power is spatially distributed between dominant core regions, and more marginal or dependent semi-peripheral and peripheral regions.
cultural boundary - The process of establ
demographic transition theory - Multistage model, based on Western Europe's experience, of changes in population growth exhibited by countries undergoing industrialization. High birth rates and death rates are followed by plunging death rates, producing a
relative location - The position of a place in relation to another place
rimland theory - Five permanent members( US, UK, France, China, USSR) with veto power in the UN. Promised to carry out UN decisions with their own forces.
Security Council - Zone of
Shiite - a member of one of the two major Muslim sects; believe that the descendants of Muhammad's daughter and son-in-law, Ali, are the true Muslim leaders
Sikhism - The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass commun
Buddhism - A religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches that the most important thing in life is to reach peace by ending suffering.
Confucianism - The spread of a disease, an innovation, or cultural traits through direct contact with a
Marxism - the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will untimately be
popular culture - general mass of people primarily urban based, constantly adopting, conforming to, and quickly abandoning ever-changing common modes of behavior and fads of material and nonmaterial culture
Protestants - An awareness of being a part of a
diasporas - Enclaves of ethnic groups settled outside of their homelands.
Durkheim's sacred and profane - The Christian religion of the Byzantine Empire in the middle east that formed from Christianity's schism between the remains of the western and easte
median-line principle - an approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the mid-point between two places.
microstates - Rearranging districts to allow a minority representative to be elected
minority/majority districting - Government policy that attemp
centripetal force - An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
centrifugal force - A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats
nucleated settlement pattern - settlement clustered around a central point, such as a village green or church. Nucleation is fostered by defense considerations, localized water supply, the incidence of flooding, or rich soils so that farmers can easily ge
supranational organization - Organization of three or more states to promote shared objectives. (Example U.N. or E.U.)
territorial morphology - Most recent wave of democracy which began in the 1970s; characterized by the defeat of dictatorial or totalitar
location theory - a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of economic activities & the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated
long-lot survey system - An agricultural system practiced in the Mediterranean style climates of Wester
perforated states - a state whose territory is interrupted by a separate, independent state totally contained within its borders
physical boundary - The spatial analysis of political phenomena and processes.
political geography - Use of religious principl
zero population growth - a condition in which the population of a country does not grow but remains stable. This condition comes about when the birth rate plus immigration equals the death rate plus emigration.
acculturation - Belief that objects, such as
site - the physical and human-transformed characteristics of a place
situation - based on the position of the sun in the sky as the day progresses
solar time - the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of impr
migration - Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location.
migration selectivity - Population growth measured as the excess of live births over deaths. Natural increase of a does not reflect either emigrant or immigrant movements