-Union troops lost at Bull Run 1861.
-Maryland and West Virginia contained key railroad lines and were critical to the defense of
Washington while Kentucky and Missouri gave army access to the major river systems.
-George McClellan became th
-Lincoln was convinced that bringing southern states back with slavery intact would give
Democrats control of Congress.
-thought first of the free white worker rather than the Negro.
-African Americans would be accepted in the navy and the army (resistanc
-most white northerners were not committed to emancipation but radicals emphasized that
slavery had caused the war.
-Lincoln was willing to keep slavery in the southern states to preserve the Union. (emphasized
-many slaves esca
-Grant used the strategy of total war to capture Vicksburg, dividing the Confederacy and
isolating Arkansas, Texas, and part of Louisiana from the rest of the South.
-Grant becomes the commander of the entire Union army and gave General Sherman control of
-rearranged international economy
-changes in cotton trade
-interior of the Confederacy was conquered.
-Lees army finally surrendered in April of 1865.
-A week later, John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln.
-Republican sin domin
-proposed by Radicals unhappy with Lincolns moderate plan.
-wanted abolition of slavery, protection of black rights, and destruction of the planter class.
-proposed that Confederate states be ruled by a military governor, required half the
Union Home Front
-comprehensive tax law- the North increased tariff duties, created excise fees, income and
inheritance taxes, corporations and consumers taxes, and created the Internal Revenue Bureau
to oversee the collection.
-borrowed through bonds and
The Road to War
John Browns Raid
-gathered 21 followers to seize the unguarded federal armory at Harpers Ferry in Virginia.
-opposed slavery on the basis on equality of man, dignity of labor and the right to move upward
in the social scale.
-failed but we
The Beginnings of Civil War
-first total war in history- attacking civilians, raiding cities, not just defeating the armies.
-manpower (marines and soldiers)
-industrial capacity (production of iron, firearms)
-overcame problems of dis
-smoothbore muskets to rifles
-minie ball as bullets
-hardening outlook of soldiers on the battlefield.
-Union discontinued election of lower officers but was retained in the Confederate army,