Professor James G. Hershberg Office Hours: Tues. 1:30-3:30 p.m.
Department of History Ofce Telephone: (202) 994-6476
Phillips 326 E-mail: [email protected]
George Washington University
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Instructor: Adam Howard
E-mail: [email protected]
HIST 2340: 20th Century U.S. Diplomatic History Fall- 2011
The views expressed here are my own and are not necessarily those of the Department of State or the
U.S. Government. Information presented here is b
American Diplomacy, Part 1
father of containment, strategy US employed throughout cold war to deal with
the soviet threat
o believed power is the currency of international politics and their countrys
security is largely dependent on the Euro
Major Problems in American Foreign Relations, Volume II Chapter 5 Defeating the
Axis, Planning the Peace: The Second World War
After American entry into the Second World War, GB, the U.S., and the Soviet Union formed
the fifty-nation Grand Alliance, which
American Foreign Relations Chp. 4
Descending into Europes Maelstrom, 1920-1939
Roosevelt Extends Americas Frontier to the Rhine, 1939
Secret French purchasing mission to buy American-made warplanes for French air
force, leading up to WWII
President was se
Major Problems in American Foreign Relations Chapter 7: The Korean War,
Revolutionary China, and Containment in Asia
The Cold War soon spread to Asia
U.S. troops engaged in combat on the Korean peninsula in the summer of 1950, following
the Communist Nort
Under the Articles of Confederation, states were sovereign and were thought of as different
countries. We werent centralized. This same mentality even existed up until the Civil War.
Under the AoC, there were no taxes. Amendments needed to be unanimously
American Foreign Relations Chapter 3: War, Peace, and Revolution in the
Time of Wilson, 1914-1920
May 7, 1915 the Lusitania is hit with a torpedo by the Germans
o People were horrified but didnt want war
o There was also ammunition aboard the ship
The Vietnam War
As the world split into rival blocs headed by Washington and Moscow, conflict in
Vietnam increasingly appeared to be connected to the worldwide struggle between
democratic capitalism and international communism
Prompt and Utter Destruction
In July 1945 during the Potsdam Conference, Truman had a meeting with his
advisors about the bomb
Henry L. Stimson was the Secretary of War
o He recommended that the bomb be used to end the war against Japan as
Robert F. Kennedy Thirteen Days
The world came the closest to blowing itself up during 13 days in October 1962
Didnt know this earlier but during those 12 days there were 43,000 Soviet troops
on the island, equipped with nuclear warheads
In the ev
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Quiz U4 .
/\T) President Eisenhowers planned attempt to implement a $66 million dollar program to aid
in developing the Jordan River Valley was known as what?
a) The Nixon initiative
Professor: Open Door Policy was devised with China in mind primarily BUT some of the
concepts and ideas had much wider implications or American foreign policy
Islands from the Spanish-American war were important because of their proximity to Asia and
Between 1865 and 1898, the US goes from reactive, to proactive and actively pushing its
interests abroad. These changes occurred for several different reasons:
- As the US economy develops and new technology comes about, it becomes more
capable of impacti
Paper Topic #2:
The origins of the Cold War lie in the ideas and perceptions of policymakers from the United
States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union during the years between 1945 and 1947. Define
George Kennans perspective on early Cold War relations
Over the course of human history, powerful states have become empires in order to
strengthen their own security and enhance the prosperity of their people. Some have
argued that, to the extent that one may characterize the United S
Possible Essay Questions:
Session 14: Origins of the Cold War
Context: During the first few years after World War II, the American view of the Soviet
Union changed from one of mistrust to one of overt hostility. This change, of course,
marked the inceptio
Dollar Diplomacy- Primarily during the Taft administration.
Prof: Not just exploitative/economic focused, but a much grander American effort to spread
institutions and ideals around the world. Humanitarian AND economic.
- Investment banks becom
For final paper: Draw parallels to long term trends, not just whatever Brazinsky talks about with
that particular issue.
Prof: Need to understand Vietnam as a civil war before the US became involved.
Frances harsh colonization and domination provoked se
Eisenhower takes over in 1952, ending the Democrats 20 year hold on the White House.
- Reducing domestic spending.
- Save the Republican Party.
- Fear of the military industrial complex.
Prof: While Eisenhower didnt necessarily oppose Trumans FP,
Prof: Economy was tanking in the early 1990s, and Bush seemed uncaring. Clinton, therefore,
campaigned on economics and domestic issues and won. Much of FP was not a concern for
Clinton initially. Nevertheless, there were several new challenges after the
- Pioneer in the field of Political Science
- President of Princeton, Governor of New Jersey
- Elected on domestic reform
- US had an obligation to spread democracy, liberal capitalism, and similar norms.
Wilson Speech in 1913
(p. 505) Stat
Midterm: 3 document quotes, 2 quotes from mystery sources, essay
FDR took American FP and diplomacy on a long and convoluted journey from pacifism to war.
A journey that was courageous on his part to take, and one absolutely necessary to maintain a
NOTE: Readings, lecture can make any sort of connection to todays news for blog
Prof.: Everybody in their lives comes to a situation where they learn to do something new. The
Spanish-American war was the war where the US learned to how to be a major intl
Prof: Americas basic policy was to integrate as much of Asia as possible into a new, liberal,
capitalist, world order. But it didnt look like it was going to be easy to do so. 1945-1950 saw
incredible turmoil in Asian history. Old elites were discredited,
By the early 1970s, Detente was already facing difficulties. Mostly because it wasnt popular
with conservatives (who wanted more consistent and greater ideological confrontation) or
liberals (who thought that the emphasis Kissinger and Nixon placed on nat