Chapter 2 : audience role and experience
In a world of technological innovations, how has theatre survived?
The relationship between performer and audience
The special nature of that relationship
The chemistry of that contact
We are not just in the presen
Chapter 1: What is
Theatre is derived from the Greek theatron, meaning seeing place.
It is the place where plays
are put on. Theatre is a collaborative artit requires the input of different ideas from different people.
Those in the occupation of
Chapter 2: What is a
The play is, essentially, what happens in theatre.
It is an event, and serves as theatres most
basic unit. The play is the supplier of dramaderived from the Greek dran, which means
something donein which an action takes place, f
-Background: The Spanish Golden Age
-The period from about 1550 to 1650
-Both religious and secular forms of theatre flourished during the Inquisition
-Adopted the techniques of medieval religious drama and continued to
-6th Century BCE, Rome
-Chariot races, gladiator battles
-Used to have stage in the center
Teatro Martcello (13 BCE)
Aspendos, Turkey (2nd c. CE)
Roman Theatre at Orange, France (1st c
The Royal Era Theatre in France and English Restoration Theatre 1650-1700
-Louis XIV, France (1643-1715)
-Comes to throne as young, good-looking king with new ideas and raised in era of conflict
-Concentrates power around himself
-Groove system: method of scene shifting for wings and shutters
-Groove system of scene changes
-Pole-and-chariot: newer, innovative scene-changing system
-Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641)
-Charles I of England (1635)
- Appeals across classes
What is Musical Theatre?
- Music has been central to theatre for over 2000 years
- In Aristotle, Shakespeare, Moliere, etc.
- As a distinct genre, though, musical theatre has existed for 150 years
theatron: seeing place
connection between sport and theatre: royal tennis courts, gladitorial fights, races in ancient Rome
dran: something done
golden age of Greece: 5th century BCE
one who steps out from chorus: Thespis
The Golden Age of Greece
Dionysian Festivals and the Dithyramb
Earliest plays were ritual, and parts of the world still have presence today
-The Abydos Passion Play
Dionysus is the god of
Genres: Tragedy and Comedy
Aristotle's components of a play
Significances of conventions
Order in which a theatrical event develops
What is a play?
A play is the basic unit of theatre
-It is not a thing
-It is an event
- Luis Valdez
- El Teatro Campesino "Actos"
- Performance Art
- The Federal Theatre Project
- Global culture in early 20th century
- Julie Taymor's The Lion King
- Reflection of some of society's fears, hopes, joys (1970s-80s)
- Discussion of world situat
Chapter 8 Vocab to Know
(know playwright and some
Moscow Art Theatre
Chapter 5: The Renaissance
15th Century - 16th Century
The term literally means rebirth, and was an era of renewed interest in
classical civilizations that spread during the 15th and 16th centuries. A mental revolution brought
about an awa
Chapter 4: The Middle
Fall of Rome (476 AD.) - Early Renaissance (1476 CE.)
The theatre of the middle ages was profoundly religious.
Similar to the Greeks, the
productions began as springtime religious observances; these performances ritualized the
Chapter 7: The Royal
The Royal Era
Approx. 1650 A.D. - 1700 A.D.
At the beginning of the 18th century, following the Renaissance, was
the period of the Enlightenmentan age of intellectual classification and structures. It was
during the interim betwee
What Is A Critic?
Someone who observes theatre and then analyzes and comments on it
A knowledgeable and highly sensitive audience member
Presumably better informed about theatre than the average spectator
However, most audience members act as a
Chapter 5: stage spaces
Creating the Environment
Even before the curtain rises, the theatrical experience has begun
The atmosphere of the theatre building can set the audiences mood as well as create
Audience members should not
Chapter 9 : script
Conventional theatre begins with a text:
A.K.A. The script
The text provides the foundation for performers, directors, and designers to create.
The playwright (or dramatist) is responsible for this expression of the human condition.
Playwrighting Terms/Dramatic Structure
Root Action- The basic conflict of the story.
Exposition- Material that introduces and reveals to the audience when/where action is
taking place and any background material that has led up to the opening of the story
What is art?
nArt is the process or product of deliberately and creatively arranging elements in a
way that appeals to the senses or emotions.
-View from another
nIn order correctly to define art, it is necessary, first of all, to cease to consider it as